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1 December 2013 Selection of microsatellite loci for genetic monitoring of sloth bears
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Abstract

The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) is a threatened species endemic to the Indian subcontinent. To date, no reliable method has been developed for identifying individuals or monitoring their populations. Here we describe a non-invasive genetic monitoring technique for individual identification of sloth bears. After testing 18 microsatellites developed for other carnivore species, including ursids, we optimized a panel of 7 highly polymorphic microsatellite loci that yielded a cumulative Probability of Identity between siblings value of 2.15E-03. We used this panel to identify 55 individual sloth bears from 190 fecal and 4 hair samples collected in tiger reserves in central India. This panel can be used for population genetic studies and population monitoring of sloth bears.

International Association for Bear Research and Management
Sandeep Sharma, Trishna Dutta, Jesús E. Maldonado, Thomas C. Wood, Hemendra Singh Panwar, and John Seidensticker "Selection of microsatellite loci for genetic monitoring of sloth bears," Ursus 24(2), 164-169, (1 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.2192/URSUS-D-13-00001.1
Received: 11 January 2013; Accepted: 1 September 2013; Published: 1 December 2013
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