Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) wintering at Dashanbao Nature Reserve in southwestern China were studied to document for the effects of flock size and position on the level of vigilance. The time spent on vigilance, scanning frequency and scanning duration decreased significantly with flock size for individuals positioned both in the center of the flock and at its periphery. However, the decrease in time spent on vigilance and scanning frequency following the increase in the flock size happened more rapidly for individuals in the center of the flock than those at the periphery. The decrease of the three parameters related to flock size significantly correlated with position. The time spent on vigilance and scanning frequency significantly correlated with the flock size and position, but not with scanning duration. Consequently, the number of individuals preferring central positions in the flock (a phenomenon known as “edge effect”) was increased by the increase in flock size for Black-necked Cranes in winter.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 37 • No. 1