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1 December 2016 Breeding Biology of the Black-Faced Ibis (Theristicus melanopis) in Southern Chile
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Abstract

The breeding parameters of the Black-faced Ibis (Theristicus melanopis) in pastures of southern Chile between 5 July and 30 November 2014 were evaluated. Thirty active nests were monitored in an area of 31 km2, using a mirror mounted on a 13-m retractable aluminum pole. Each nest was visited once a week. The Black-faced Ibis presented an asynchronous posture period, with a maximum of three egg clutches. The first eggs were laid on 6 August 2014, and the mean incubation period was 28.66 (± 4.41) days. Mean clutch size during the first posture was 2.23 (± 0.73) with a range of one to three eggs per nest. None of the structural parameters of the nesting site evaluated were related to clutch size. The nests were oriented with a mean angle of 218° SW. Hatching of the chicks began on 25 September 2014, and the mean period of parental care lasted 36.67 (± 14.49) days. The apparent hatching success was 0.54, the fledging success was 0.40, and the total breeding cycle success was 0.23 independent young per nest. Predation explained the 56.7% nest loss. Chimango Caracara (Milvago chimango) was the main predator of eggs and chicks. The Mayfield estimator indicated a daily survival probability of 4.4% for the incubation cycle, 26.2% for the fledglings and 11.3% for the total breeding cycle.

Alberto Gantz and Miguel Yañez "Breeding Biology of the Black-Faced Ibis (Theristicus melanopis) in Southern Chile," Waterbirds 39(4), 346-355, (1 December 2016). https://doi.org/10.1675/063.039.0404
Received: 15 March 2016; Accepted: 1 April 2016; Published: 1 December 2016
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