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1 April 2015 The Role of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Weed Seed Consumption: A Review
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Abstract

Weed management is a challenge in all agroecosystems. Given the negative consequences associated with herbicide-based weed management, it is important to consider integrated weed management options with emphasis on strategies such as biological control. Postdispersal weed seed predation by granivorous and omnivorous carabid beetles results in substantial natural suppression of weed populations. Although the role of ground beetles as “generalist predators” in various agroecosystems is known, their contribution to weed management is not well recognized. In this context, this review presents an account of carabids and their granivorous nature, the importance of a seed diet in the life histories of different carabid groups, factors affecting granivory, and their potential role in weed seed management. Below, we discuss the interrelationships among various factors influencing weed seed consumption by carabids, its consequences for weed management, and the need for future research.

Weed Science Society of America
Sharavari S. Kulkarni, Lloyd M. Dosdall, and Christian J. Willenborg "The Role of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Weed Seed Consumption: A Review," Weed Science 63(2), 335-376, (1 April 2015). https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-D-14-00067.1
Received: 28 April 2014; Accepted: 1 November 2014; Published: 1 April 2015
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