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1 October 2016 Assessment of an Integrated Weed Management System in No-Till Soybean and Corn
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate weed control, crop yields, potential soil loss, and net returns to management of an integrated weed management system in no-till corn and soybean compared to an herbicide-based strategy. The integrated weed management system reduced herbicide inputs by delayed cover crop termination, herbicide banding, and high-residue cultivation (reduced herbicide [RH]), while the other system used continuous no-tillage and herbicides to control weeds (standard herbicide [SH]). Research was conducted within the Penn State Sustainable Dairy Cropping Systems Experiment, where corn and soybean are each planted once in a 6-yr crop rotation. In this 3-yr study, weed density and biomass were often greater under RH management, but weed biomass never exceeded 19 g m−2 in corn and 21 g m−2 in soybean. Corn yield and population did not differ in any year, and net returns to management were $33.65 ha−1 higher in RH corn due to lower herbicide costs and slightly, though not significantly, higher yields. Soybean yield was lower in RH compared to SH in 2 of 3 yr, and was correlated with soybean population and cover crop residue. Net financial returns were $43.69 ha−1 higher in SH soybean compared to RH. Predicted soil loss never exceeded T (maximum allowable soil loss) for any treatment and slope combination, though soil loss was 100% greater on a 10% slope under RH management (vs. SH) due to cultivation.

Nomenclature: cereal rye (Secale cereale L.); corn (Zea mays L.); soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]

Elina M. Snyder, William S. Curran, Heather D. Karsten, Glenna M. Malcolm, Sjoerd W. Duiker, and Jeffrey A. Hyde "Assessment of an Integrated Weed Management System in No-Till Soybean and Corn," Weed Science 64(4), 712-726, (1 October 2016). https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-D-16-00021.1
Received: 5 February 2016; Accepted: 1 June 2016; Published: 1 October 2016
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