Abstract: Field studies were conducted in 1995 and 1996 at three locations in North Carolina to evaluate weed control and soybean injury with postemergence (POST) treatments of cloransulam-methyl alone or in tank-mixture with acifluorfen, fomesafen, or lactofen compared with a commercial standard of acifluorfen plus bentazon. Soybean injury was 2 to 3% 7 d after treatment with cloransulam-methyl applied alone and 11 to 46% when applied with fomesafen, lactofen, acifluorfen, or acifluorfen plus bentazon. Cloransulam-methyl applied alone controlled 95% of entireleaf morningglory and ivyleaf morningglory. Control was not increased by the addition of acifluorfen, fomesafen, or lactofen. Cloransulam-methyl improved the control of common lambsquarters to at least 81% compared with dimethenamid applied preemergence alone (69% control). All diphenyl ether herbicide treatments controlled common lambsquarters at least 91%. Prickly sida control by cloransulam-methyl ranged from 14 to 73% 8 wk after treatment. Control of prickly sida was varied by diphenyl ether herbicides (73 to 100% control). Tank-mixtures of cloransulam-methyl fomesafen and cloransulam-methyl acifluorfen increased the control of prickly sida over either herbicide applied alone. Soybean yield was greater for all tank-mixtures than for any diphenyl ether herbicide or for cloransulam-methyl treatment applied alone. But only the acifluorfen cloransulam-methyl treatment had higher economic returns than the cloransulam-methyl treatment alone. All other POST systems, with the exception of lactofen applied alone, had similar economic returns. Tank-mixtures of cloransulam-methyl and diphenyl ether herbicides increased the spectrum of control and soybean yield compared with these herbicides applied alone.
Nomenclature: Acifluorfen; bentazon; cloransulam-methyl; dimethenamid; fomesafen; lactofen; common lambsquarters, Chenopodium album L. #3 CHEAL; entireleaf morningglory, Ipomoea hederacea var. integriuscula Gray # IPOHG; ivyleaf morningglory, Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq. # IPOHE; prickly sida, Sida spinosa L. # SIDSP; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.
Additional index words: Economic analysis, tank-mixtures.
Abbreviations: ALS, acetolactate synthase (EC 18.104.22.168); fb, followed by; POST, postemergence; PPI, preplant incorporated; PRE, preemergence; WAT, wk after POST treatment.