Abstract: Field and greenhouse experiments were conducted to evaluate clethodim, CGA-362622, mixtures thereof, and sequential treatments for control of broadleaf signalgrass, fall panicum, goosegrass, and large crabgrass. In greenhouse experiments, clethodim alone provided 93 and 100% control of three- to four-leaf goosegrass at the low (105 g ai/ha) and high (140 g/ha) rates, respectively, whereas CGA-362622 did not control grasses in greenhouse or field experiments. Control of six- to eight-leaf goosegrass in the greenhouse with clethodim was 75% for the low rate and 89% for the high rate. Control of goosegrass in greenhouse studies was reduced at least 43 percentage points with CGA-362622 and clethodim at the high rate in mixture compared with control provided by clethodim at the high rate alone. When CGA-362622 and clethodim were applied in mixture in field studies, the effectiveness of the graminicide was decreased from > 97 to < 57% control for all annual grasses. Antagonism of clethodim activity was greater than that of the tank mixture when clethodim was applied 1 d after CGA-362622 on large crabgrass, goosegrass, and fall panicum. Clethodim applied 7 d before or after CGA-362622 controlled the four grass species as well as did clethodim applied alone. When CGA-362622 was applied to goosegrass alone, fresh weight accumulation stopped for a period of 4 d compared with untreated plants. Normal growth resumed after 4 d.
Nomenclature: CGA-362622, N-[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)carbamoyl]-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-pyridin-2-sulfonamide sodium salt; clethodim; broadleaf signalgrass, Brachiaria platyphylla (Griseb.) Nash #3 BRAPP; fall panicum, Panicum dichotomiflorum (L.) # PANDI; goosegrass, Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. # ELEIN; large crabgrass, Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. # DIGSA.
Additional index words: Antagonism, growth analysis, orthogonal contrasts.
Abbreviations: ALS, acetolactase synthase (EC 126.96.36.199); DAT, days after treatment; POST, postemergence.