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1 October 2009 Effects of Alternaria destruens, Glyphosate, and Ammonium Sulfate Individually and Integrated for Control of Dodder (Cuscuta pentagona)
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Abstract

Dodder is a serious parasitic weed in the crops in which it is a problem (particularly citrus). Alternaria destruens is the active ingredient in a registered bioherbicide for control of dodder species. In greenhouse studies, the treatments applied to citrus parasitized with field dodder were a nontreated control; oil at 7.5% v/v in water; ammonium sulfate at 0.125% w/v in water; glyphosate at 0.02 kg ae/L; A. destruens at 1.8 × 1010 spores/L; A. destruens (1.8 × 1010 spores/L) oil at 7.5% v/v in water; and a mixture of A. destruens (1.8 × 1010 spores/L) oil at 7.5% v/v in water glyphosate at 0.02 kg ae/L ammonium sulfate 0.125% w/v (the mixture treatment). The highest disease or damage severity rating out of all treatments, measured as the area under the disease or damage progress curve (AUDPC), was obtained for the mixture treatment. By 35 d after treatment, all field dodder plants that received the mixture treatment were dead but the host plant, citrus, was not. These results indicate the feasibility of integrating glyphosate, ammonium sulfate, and A. destruens to manage dodder.

Nomenclature: Glyphosate; ammonium sulfate; field dodder, Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. CVCPE; citrus, Citrus spp. ‘Smooth Flat Seville’; Alternaria destruens L. Simmons, sp. nov.

Jennifer C. Cook, Raghavan Charudattan, Thomas W. Zimmerman, Erin N. Rosskopf, WILLIAM M. STALL, and GREGORY E. MACDONALD "Effects of Alternaria destruens, Glyphosate, and Ammonium Sulfate Individually and Integrated for Control of Dodder (Cuscuta pentagona)," Weed Technology 23(4), 550-555, (1 October 2009). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-08-019.1
Received: 1 January 2008; Accepted: 1 July 2009; Published: 1 October 2009
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