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1 November 2012 Preemergence Herbicides for Potential Use in Potato Production
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Abstract

Field trials were conducted in 2009 and 2010 near Paterson, WA and Ontario, OR to evaluate weed control and potato tolerance to PRE-applied pyroxasulfone, saflufenacil, and KSU12800 herbicides. Pyroxasulfone at 0.09 to 0.15 kg ai ha−1 and saflufenacil at 0.05 to 0.07 kg ai ha−1 applied PRE alone or in tank mixes with several currently labeled herbicides did not injure potatoes at either site in both years. KSU12800 at 0.15 kg ai ha−1 injured potatoes from 18 to 26% for a period of about 4 wk after emergence at Ontario both years. In addition, KSU12800 at 0.29 and 0.45 kg ha−1 injured potatoes from 17 to 38% at 17 d after treatment (DAT) at Paterson in 2009. Pyroxasulfone at 0.15 kg ha−1 controlled barnyardgrass, hairy nightshade, and redroot pigweed 96% or greater, but control of common lambsquarters was variable. Saflufenacil at 0.07 kg ha−1 provided greater than 93% control of common lambsquarters, hairy nightshade, and redroot pigweed at both sites in 2010. KSU12800 at 0.15 kg ha−1 controlled common lambsquarters, hairy nightshade, and redroot pigweed 99% or more at Ontario, but only 87 to 93% at Paterson in 2010. These herbicides did not reduce yield of U.S. no. 1 tubers or total tuber yields compared to standard labeled herbicide treatments when weed control was adequate.

Nomenclature: KSU12800; pyroxasulfone; saflufenacil; barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. ECHCG; common lambsquarters, Chenopodium album L. CHEAL; hairy nightshade, Solanum physalifolium Rusby SOLSA; redroot pigweed, Amaranthus retroflexus L. AMARE; potato, Solanum tuberosum L. ‘Ranger Russet'.

Se realizaron experimentos de campo en 2009 y 2010 cerca de Paterson, WA y Ontario, OR para evaluar el control de malezas y la tolerancia de la papa a los herbicidas pyroxasulfone, saflufenacil y KSU12800 aplicados PRE. Se aplicó pyroxasulfone a dosis de 0.09 a 0.15 kg ai ha−1 y saflufenacil de 0.05 a 0.07 kg ha−1 solos o en mezclas en tanque con varios herbicidas registrados actualmente para papa sin causar daño al cultivo en ninguno de los sitios en ambos años. KSU12800 a 0.15 kg ha−1 dañó las papas de 18 a 26% por un período de 4 semanas después de la emergencia, en Ontario en ambos años. Adicionalmente, KSU12800 a 0.29 y 0.45 kg ha−1 dañó la papa de 17 a 38% a 17 días después del tratamiento (DAT) en Paterson en 2009. Pyroxasulfone a 0.15 kg ha−1 controló Echinochloa crus-galli, Solanum physalifolium y Amaranthus retroflexus 96% o más, pero el control de Chenopodium album fue variable. Saflufenacil a 0.07 kg ha−1 brindó un control superior a 93% de C. album, S. physalifolium y A. retroflexus en ambos sitios en 2010. KSU12800 a 0.15 kg ha−1 controló C. album, S. physalifolium y A. retroflexus 99% o más en Ontario, pero solamente 87 a 93% en Paterson en 2010. Estos herbicidas no redujeron el rendimiento de los tubérculos U.S. no. 1 ni el rendimiento total de tubérculos en comparación con los tratamientos con herbicidas estándar con etiqueta para este cultivo cuando el control de malezas fue adecuado.

Rick A. Boydston, Joel Felix, and Kassim Al-Khatib "Preemergence Herbicides for Potential Use in Potato Production," Weed Technology 26(4), 731-739, (1 November 2012). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-12-00023.1
Received: 6 February 2012; Accepted: 1 June 2012; Published: 1 November 2012
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