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1 June 2013 Early Postemergence Control of Yellow Woodsorrel ( Oxalis stricta) with Residual Herbicides
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Abstract

Three experiments were conducted to evaluate early POST control of yellow woodsorrel using PRE-applied herbicides. In experiment 1, yellow woodsorrel was seeded at two dates in a commercial pine-bark substrate and grown until reaching either the cotyledon–one-leaf (C-1L) or two- to four-leaf (2-4L) growth stage. The herbicides isoxaben, indaziflam, and dimethenamid-p were applied at these growth stages. Two rates of isoxaben and indaziflam provided yellow woodsorrel control (≥ 80% reduction in fresh weight [FW]) when applied at the C-1L stage; however, once yellow woodsorrel reached the 2-4L stage, indaziflam was the only herbicide that provided effective control at both rates tested. Experiments 2 and 3 were similar to experiment 1, except two labeled rates of dithiopyr were also evaluated. In experiment 2, all herbicides evaluated provided ≥ 90% reduction in FW of yellow woodsorrel at the C-1L stage. Although no differences in FW were observed among any of the herbicide treatments when yellow woodsorrel were treated at the 2-4L stage, control ratings indicated that indaziflam provided the most effective yellow woodsorrel control. Experiment 3 results also indicated that isoxaben, indaziflam, and dithiopyr controlled yellow woodsorrel (≥ 95% reduction in FW) when treatments were applied at the C-1L stage, whereas dimethenamid-p reduced shoot FW 70%. When yellow woodsorrel was treated after reaching the 2-4L stage, indaziflam provided the greatest control of any herbicide evaluated.

Nomenclature: Dithiopyr; isoxaben; indaziflam, N-[(1R,2S)-2,3-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-1H-inden-1-yl]-6-[(1RS)-1-fluoroethyl]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine); yellow woodsorrel, Oxalis stricta L.

Se realizaron tres experimentos para evaluar el control POST temprano de Oxalis stricta usando herbicidas aplicados PRE. En el experimento 1, O. stricta se sembró en dos fechas en un sustrato comercial de corteza de pino y se dejó crecer hasta alcanzar los estados de desarrollo de cotiledón-una hoja (C-1L) o dos a cuatro hojas (2-4L). Los herbicidas isoxaben, indaziflam, y dimethenamid-p fueron aplicados en estos estados de desarrollo. Ambas dosis de isoxaben e indaziflam proveyeron control de O. stricta (≥80% reducción del peso fresco [FW] cuando se aplicó en el estado C-1L); sin embargo, una vez que O. stricta alcanzó el estado 2-4L, indaziflam fue el único herbicida que brindó control efectivo con ambas de las dosis evaluadas. Los experimentos 2 y 3 fueron similares al experimento 1, excepto que dos dosis de etiqueta de dithiopyr fueron también evaluadas. En el experimento 2, todo los herbicidas evaluados causaron ≥90% reducción de FW de O. stricta en el estado C-1L. Aunque no se observaron diferencias en FW entre ninguno de los tratamientos de herbicidas cuando O. stricta se trató en el estado 2-4L, las evaluaciones de control indicaron que indaziflam brindó el control más efectivo de esta maleza. Los resultados del experimento 3 indicaron que isoxaben, indaziflam, y dithiopyr controlaron O. stricta (≥95% reducción de FW) cuando los tratamientos fueron aplicados en el estado C-1L, mientras dimethenamid-p redujo el FW de la parte aérea 70%. Cuando O. stricta se trató después de alcanzar el estado 2-4L, indaziflam brindó el mayor control entre los herbicidas evaluados.

S. Christopher Marble, Charles H. Gilliam, Glenn R. Wehtje, and Michelle Samuel-Foo "Early Postemergence Control of Yellow Woodsorrel ( Oxalis stricta) with Residual Herbicides," Weed Technology 27(2), 347-351, (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-12-00087.1
Received: 21 May 2012; Accepted: 1 November 2012; Published: 1 June 2013
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