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1 April 2014 Synthetic Auxin Herbicides Control Germinating Scotch Broom ( Cytisus scoparius)
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Abstract

Scotch broom is a large, nonnative shrub that has invaded forests and grasslands in 27 U.S. states. Without treatment, Scotch broom's persistent seedbank ensures a continuing source of regeneration after soil disturbance. In growth chamber studies, five rates of three synthetic auxin herbicides, aminocyclopyrachlor (AC), aminopyralid (AP), and clopyralid (CP), were compared for PRE control of Scotch broom. Cumulative 90-d emergence, mortality, and biomass of seedlings did not vary among herbicides, averaging 42% of seeds sown, 75% of emerged seedlings, and 9 mg seedling−1 for treated containers, respectively, versus 46%, 17%, and 26 mg seedling−1 for nontreated containers. Low rates of each herbicide (< 50% of the maximum labeled rate [MLR]) provided 60 to 80% control, whereas 100% MLR provided 69 to 89% control. Although the herbicides differed in cost per unit seedling mortality (AP < CP < AC), each demonstrated strong potential as a viable treatment for PRE control of Scotch broom.

Nomenclature: Aminocyclopyrachlor; aminopyralid; clopyralid; Scotch broom; Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link CYSC4.

Cytisus scoparius es un arbusto no-nativo y de gran tamaño que ha invadido bosques y pastizales en 27 estados de los Estados Unidos. Sin tratamiento, el persistente banco de semillas de C. scoparius asegura una continua fuente de regeneración después de la perturbación del suelo. En estudios en cámaras de crecimiento, cinco dosis de tres herbicidas auxinas sintéticas, aminocyclopyrachlor (AC), aminopyralid (AP), y clopyralid (CP), fueron comparados para el control PRE de C. scoparius. La emergencia acumulada a 90-d, la mortalidad, y la biomasa de plántulas no varió entre herbicidas, promediando 42% de las semillas sembradas, 75% de las plántulas emergidas, y 9 mg plántula−1 para contenedores tratados, respectivamente, versus 46%, 17%, y 26 g plántula−1 para contenedores no tratados. Dosis bajas de cada herbicida (<50% de la dosis máxima de la etiqueta [MLR]) brindaron 60 a 80% de control, mientras 100% de la MLR brindó 69 a 89% de control. Aunque los herbicidas difirieron en el costo por unidad de mortalidad de plántulas (AP < CP < AC), cada uno demostró un fuerte potencial como tratamiento viable para el control PRE de C. scoparius.

Timothy B. Harrington "Synthetic Auxin Herbicides Control Germinating Scotch Broom ( Cytisus scoparius)," Weed Technology 28(2), 435-442, (1 April 2014). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-13-00170.1
Received: 15 November 2013; Accepted: 1 February 2014; Published: 1 April 2014
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