A study was conducted in three locations in Louisiana to evaluate interactions of imazethapyr at 0 and 70 g ai ha-1 mixed with propanil at 0, 1,120, 2,240, 3,360, and 4,480 g ha-1 for the control of red rice, barnyardgrass, and hemp sesbania. According to Blouin's modified Colby's, a synergistic response occurred for red rice treated with imazethapyr mixed with propanil at 4,480 g ha-1 for all evaluations. Observed control was 93% to 95% compared with expected control of 81% to 87%. An antagonistic response occurred for barnyardgrass control with imazethapyr mixed with propanil at 1,120 g ha-1 at 35 and 49 d after treatment (DAT), with control of 75% and 64%, respectively, compared with expected control of 89% and 78%. However, a neutral response occurred for barnyardgrass control when treated with all other imazethapyr plus propanil combinations. An antagonistic interaction occurred for hemp sesbania when treated with imazethapyr plus propanil at 3,360 and 4,480 g ha-1 at 21 DAT with an observed control of 89% compared with an expected control of 96%; however, a neutral response occurred at all other evaluation dates. An increase in rice yield was observed with an imazethapyr plus propanil at 4,480 g ha-1 mixture compared with a single application of imazethapyr or propanil at any rate evaluated.
Nomenclature: Imazethapyr; propanil; barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.; hemp sesbania, Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh; red rice/rice, Oryza sativa L.