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11 February 2019 Capture effects in wild boar: a multifaceted behavioural investigation
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Although the proliferation of the wild boar in Europe makes capturing and handling necessary for both management and research, the behavioural responses of this species to capture are still unknown. We evaluated how capture affects wild boar behaviour during the first 30 days after the release, focusing on the animals' total activity, mobility and activity rhythms and their variation in response to different drug mixtures used for sedation. Low levels of activity and mobility characterized the first 10 post-capture days. After this period, a gradual restoring of stable levels occurred. Wild boar captured by using different drug mixtures exhibited slightly different patterns of activity depression. We also showed capture to produce a partial effect on wild boar behavioural rhythmicity. Our findings highlight the case study variability of the capture effect and offer useful insights into several conservation and management implications.

© 2019 The Authors. This is an Open Access article This work is licensed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY). The license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Rudy Brogi, Francesca Brivio, Cristiano Bertolucci, Michele Benazzi, Siriano Luccarini, Nadia Cappai, Elisa Bottero, Carlo Pedrazzoli, Nicolò Columbano, Marco Apollonio, and Stefano Grignolio "Capture effects in wild boar: a multifaceted behavioural investigation," Wildlife Biology 2019(1), 1-10, (11 February 2019).
Accepted: 8 January 2019; Published: 11 February 2019

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