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1 June 2006 Developmental Profile of Annexin IX and its Possible Role in Programmed Cell Death of the Bombyx mori Anterior Silk Gland
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Abstract

During pupal metamorphosis, the anterior silk gland (ASG) of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, undergoes programmed cell death (PCD), which is triggered by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). Annexin IX (ANX IX) has been identified as a 20E-inducible gene in dying ASGs, and we show here that its expression is down-regulated in tissues destined to die but not in tissues that survive pupal metamorphosis. ANX IX expression was high in the ASGs during the feeding period, when the ecdysteroid titer was low, and decreased in response to the rising ecdysteroid titer that triggered pupal metamorphosis. Before gut purge, in vitro exposure of the ASGs to 20E levels corresponding to the ecdysteroid concentration present at the time of gut purge caused a decrease in ANX IX messenger RNA levels. Expression profiles of EcR and USP, and the 20E concentration-responses of these genes, indicate the importance of the relative abundance of EcR-A and EcR-B1 isoforms in ANX IX regulation. These results suggest an involvement of ANX IX in the determination of PCD timing by delaying or suppressing the response to the increase in hemolymph ecdysteroid concentration during the prepupal period.

Yu Kaneko, Keiko Takaki, Masafumi Iwami, and Sho Sakurai "Developmental Profile of Annexin IX and its Possible Role in Programmed Cell Death of the Bombyx mori Anterior Silk Gland," Zoological Science 23(6), 533-542, (1 June 2006). https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.23.533
Received: 24 November 2005; Accepted: 1 December 2005; Published: 1 June 2006
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