The mouse slaty (Dctslt) mutation is known to reduce the activity of dopachrome tautomerase (DCT). The reduced DCT activity inhibits melanosome maturation and reduces the melanin content in the skin, hair and eyes. It is not known whether eumelanin and pheomelanin synthesis in slaty melanocytes is modulated by melanogenic factors. In this study, to address this point, epidermal melanocytes derived from 0.5-, 3.5- and 7.5-day-old wild-type mice (Dct /Dct at the slaty locus) and from congenic mice mutant (Dctslt/Dctslt at that locus) were cultured in serum-free primary culture with or without additional L-tyrosine (Tyr). The content of melanin was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in the cultured melanocytes as well as culture supernatants in serum-free primary culture. L-Tyr was found to increase the content of pheomelanin in addition to eumelanin in cultured slaty melanocytes and cuture supernatants at all ages tested. The eumelanin and pheomelanin contents in culture supernatants were greater than in cultured melanocytes. The eumelanin and pheomelanin contents in culture supernatants from 7.5-day-old slaty melanocytes in the presence of L-Tyr were greater than those from wild-type melanocytes. These results suggest that the inhibition of eumelanin synthesis by the slaty mutation can be partly restored by the addition of excess L-Tyr. Eumelanin and pheomelanin may accumulate with difficulty in slaty melanocytes and be easily released from them during skin development. L-Tyr may stimulate this release.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.