Chromosomes stained with fluorochromes, including quinacrine mustard (QM), emit the brightest fluorescence immediately after exposure to excitation light, and the fluorescence gradually fades with an increase in exposure time. However, in the QM-stained chromosomes of the small Japanese field mouse Apodemus argenteus, most C-heterochromatic regions emit weak fluorescence immediately after exposure to blue light, and they become brightly fluorescent by prolonged exposure (delayed QM fluorescence). We proposed recently that the delayed QM fluorescence is somehow related to nicks produced in C-heterochromatic DNA by blue light irradiation. To test this possibility, we examined the chromosomal distribution of nicks by in-situ nick translation and changes, if any, in the QM fluorescence pattern after methylene blue (MB) -mediated photooxidation, which is considered to induce nicks in chromosomal DNA. It was found that C-heterochromatic regions fluoresced brightly without any delay after exposure to blue light, and that nicks increased considerably in the same regions after the MB-mediated photooxidation. It seems, therefore, that photooxidation and strand breaks in DNA (including nicks) are responsible for the induction of delayed QM fluorescence. Trypsin digestion, on the other hand, abolished delayed QM fluorescence. Thus, not only DNA but also chromosomal protein(s) are involved in the unusual sequence of QM fluorescence patterns in A. argenteus.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.