The California myotis (Myotis californicus) and the western small-footed myotis (Myotis ciliolabrum) are largely sympatric in western North America, and are especially similar morphologically such that only subtle features of their skull distinguish the two species. Previous analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data resulted in paraphyly of these two species. Our objective was to examine genetic differences in nuclear loci between M. californicus and M. ciliolabrum, investigate their relationship with M. leibii, and to address the conflicting morphological and mtDNA data sets. We analyzed 198 amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fragments from 17 M. californicus, 16 M. ciliolabrum, and 10 M. leibii using principal coordinate (PCoA), neighbor-joining, Bayesian, and parsimony analyses. Our analyses recovered well-supported separation of M. californicus and M. ciliolabrum based on nuclear markers, suggesting the failure of the mitochondrial markers to recover monophyletic lineages was due to a lack of lineage sorting. Unexpectedly, M. ciliolabrum was paraphyletic with respect to M. leibii individuals from the eastern United States. In conclusion, our analysis of nuclear AFLP markers recovered distinct genetic lineages or clusters that corresponded to the recognized species defined by morphology, M. californicus, M. ciliolabrum, and M. leibii. We propose that these divergences are somewhat incomplete and the divergence between M. ciliolabrum and M. leibii occurred more recently than the speciation events separating the currently sympatric species M. californicus and M. ciliolabrum.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 18 • No. 2