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1 December 2004 A Test of the Effects of Climate and Fruiting of Piper Species (Piperaceae) on Reproductive Patterns of the Bat Carollia perspicillata (Phyllostomidae)
Marco Aurelio Ribeiro Mello, Gilberto Menezes Schittini, Pedro Selig, Helena Godoy Bergallo
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Bats of the genus Carollia feed mainly on plants of the genus Piper, dispersing their seeds in all localities where they occur together. Interactions among these bats, their food plants, and the climate were studied in an Atlantic Forest area in Southeastern Brazil. Path analysis was used to estimate the strength of direct and indirect effects through which variables determine the timing of bat reproduction. Temperature had a small direct influence, but a strong indirect one. Rainfall affected bat reproduction through indirect ways. Although the consumption of Piper fruits by bats did not have a significant influence, the timing of production of Piper fruits was a strong variable directly affecting bat reproduction. We therefore suggest that Piper plants and climate may play a keyrole in the timing of reproduction in C. perspicillata bats.



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© Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS
Marco Aurelio Ribeiro Mello, Gilberto Menezes Schittini, Pedro Selig, and Helena Godoy Bergallo "A Test of the Effects of Climate and Fruiting of Piper Species (Piperaceae) on Reproductive Patterns of the Bat Carollia perspicillata (Phyllostomidae)," Acta Chiropterologica 6(2), 309-318, (1 December 2004).
Received: 18 June 2004; Accepted: 1 November 2004; Published: 1 December 2004

Atlantic forest
Carollia perspicillata
indirect effects
path analysis
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