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1 June 2005 Geometric morphometrics and cladistics: testing evolutionary relationships in mega- and microbats
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Traditionally, morphometric data have consisted of distances, angles, or ratios, and have been considered inappropriate for cladistic analyses. Recently, geometric morphometrics, based on homologous landmark point-coordinates, has provided a number of advantages over traditional morphometric data and methods, including the possibility that phylogenetically informative characters and character-states may be extracted and used in cladistic analyses. Using two data sets of 3-dimensional point coordinates collected from skulls of bats, we empirically evaluate this possibility. Partial warps were extracted from the point-coordinate matrix, and these were then re-coded by gap-coding, for use in the cladistic analyses. In the case of samples from Eidolon helvum populations (two mainland localities and four islands in the Gulf of Guinea), analyzing males and females separately, our analyses based on these data were unable to detect consistent phylogeographic patterns among the populations. In the case of samples from plecotine bat species, these analyses produced a consensus cladogram showing considerable concordance with an earlier cladistic analysis by us of this group. In both cases, our results reflect those of earlier studies (based on both morphologic and genetic data), suggesting that the data and analytic techniques described herein may have interesting utility in cladistic analyses.

Wiesław Bogdanowicz, Javier Juste, Robert D. Owen, and Anna Sztencel "Geometric morphometrics and cladistics: testing evolutionary relationships in mega- and microbats," Acta Chiropterologica 7(1), 39-49, (1 June 2005).[39:GMACTE]2.0.CO;2
Received: 18 June 2004; Accepted: 1 December 2004; Published: 1 June 2005

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