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1 July 2001 The Expansion of the Common Eider Somateria mollissima at Ukrainian Coast of the Black Sea
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Abstract

In 1950s the Common Eider was a very rare species in the Black Sea region, migrating there only irregularly. A decade later, 9–14 males wintered in Black Sea bays. A few pairs attempted to breed there but their nests were flooded by storms. The first records (2 pairs) of successful breeding come from 1975. By the mid-1990s, the total number of breeding pairs had reached almost 1000.

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Tetyana B. Ardamatskaya "The Expansion of the Common Eider Somateria mollissima at Ukrainian Coast of the Black Sea," Acta Ornithologica 36(1), 53-54, (1 July 2001). https://doi.org/10.3161/068.036.0113
Received: 1 September 1999; Accepted: 1 April 2001; Published: 1 July 2001
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