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1 July 2003 Clutch Size and Breeding Performance of Marsh Tits Parus palustris in Relation to Hole Size in a Primeval Forest
Tomasz Wesołowski
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Abstract

I studied Marsh Tit, a secondary hole nesting bird in an area with superabundant holes (primeval forest in the Białowieża National Park, E Poland), expecting to find no relationship between hole size and, either clutch size, or breeding performance. Analysis of about 350 nest histories collected over 13 years revealed, as expected, no difference between breeding in medium-sized or large holes, but birds using small holes (lowest 25th percentile) laid smaller clutches, fledged marginally fewer young and lost more broods than the birds using the two larger size classes. This variation was not due to differences in timing of laying or the age of females across the hole classes. It is proposed that the use of small holes persisted because of relatively low fitness costs of making such a sub-optimal choice.

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Tomasz Wesołowski "Clutch Size and Breeding Performance of Marsh Tits Parus palustris in Relation to Hole Size in a Primeval Forest," Acta Ornithologica 38(1), 65-72, (1 July 2003). https://doi.org/10.3161/068.038.0102
Received: 1 March 2003; Accepted: 1 May 2003; Published: 1 July 2003
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KEYWORDS
Białowieża National Park
Marsh Tit
nest success
Parus palustris
tree holes
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