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1 July 2017 Causes and Consequences of Nest Mass and Structure Variation in the Bay-Capped Wren-Spinetail Spartonoica maluroides
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Abstract

Bay-capped Wren-Spinetail Spartonoica maluroides (Furnariidae) nests very close to the ground in dense clumps of grasses or sedges and builds both open and enclosed nest. We describe a proportion and characteristics of both types of nests and evaluate some causes that could force the construction of one nest architecture or another. In order to study the causes of this variation, we assessed the variability of nest types (architecture and size) and vegetation structure, and examined their consequences for breeding parameters in a population of Bay-capped Wren-Spinetail breeding in Spartina densiflora saltmarshes located at a coastal lagoon on Atlantic coast in east Argentina. We found that Bay-capped Wren-Spinetail builds nests enclosed and open with similar frequency within the same population and vegetation type. All nests were built with stems and grass leaves of S. densiflora. We found that open nests were built in sites with denser vegetation than enclosed nests. Nesting success and nest survival were not affected by nest architecture and size. The ability to adjust nest structure according to the vegetation density may be a strategy aimed at increasing nest concealment to reduce the temperature inside the nest or to avoid nest depredation. A flexible nest architecture strategy in Bay-capped Wren-spinetail is a possible adaptation to living in simple, yet structurally variable environments such as saltmarshes.

Daniel Augusto Cardoni, Juan Pablo Isacch, and Alejandro Baladrón "Causes and Consequences of Nest Mass and Structure Variation in the Bay-Capped Wren-Spinetail Spartonoica maluroides," Acta Ornithologica 52(1), 51-58, (1 July 2017). https://doi.org/10.3161/00016454AO2017.52.1.005
Received: 1 May 2016; Accepted: 1 March 2017; Published: 1 July 2017
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