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3 September 2009 First Record of a Chalicothere from the Miocene of Myanmar
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Here we describe the first record of a chalicothere from the Miocene of Myanmar. The chalicothere, documented by a partial mandible, was unearthed from the lower portion of the Irrawaddy Formation in the region of Magway, Central Myanmar. The Burmese material belongs to an early late Miocene fauna which recently yielded hominoid remains attributed to Khoratpithecus. The specimen, which is attributed to a chalicotheriine, does not reliably match with any described Miocene Eurasian species of this subfamily, suggesting the possibility it belongs to a new taxon. The discovery of a chalicotheriine in the surroundings of Magway contributes to the hypothesis that closed habitats were an important component of the paleoenvironment of Khoratpithecus.

Olivier Chavasseau, Yaowalak Chaimanee, Pauline Coster, Edouard-Georges Emonet, Aung Naing Soe, Aung Aung Kyaw, Aye Maung, Mana Rugbumrung, Hla Shwe, and Jean-Jacques Jaeger "First Record of a Chalicothere from the Miocene of Myanmar," Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 55(1), 13-22, (3 September 2009).
Received: 2 March 2009; Accepted: 1 August 2009; Published: 3 September 2009

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