A new species of Neea Ruiz & Pav. (Nyctaginaceae) from the Atlantic Forest of Bahia State (Brazil).
Morphological anatomical characters support the description of a new species from Brazilian Atlantic Forest, Neea alumnorum M.Pignal, Soares Filho & Romaniuc, sp. nov. A description of the leaf venation and a brief analysis of the inflorescence are given. This description is accompanied by pictures taken in the field and illustrations of the male flower, inferior epiderm details and leaf venation. A discussion of morphological affinities with the related species is presented, along with a preliminary assessment of its conservation status (VU) based on the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.