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1 August 2015 The Life and Times of Africa's First Lady of Arachnology, Ansie Dippenaar-Schoeman
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BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

Anna Sophia Dippenaar-Schoeman (Ansie) was born in 1948 in Roodepoort, Gauteng, where her parents were shop owners. She is the middle child of three, the siblings being an older sister and a younger brother. Her parents moved to Bronkhorstspruit at the start of her secondary education, where they bought the farm Onverwacht. Much of Ansie's time here was spent outdoors, helping her father on the farm. Biology was also her best subject when she matriculated at Erasmus High School in 1965. Her aptitude for biology and love of the outdoors set the stage for a remarkable and productive career in science.

She started work at the then Department of Agriculture [this department subsequently became the ARC (Agricultural Research Council) in 1994] as a technical assistant in 1967. She was appointed as a team member of a 5-year Dieldrin termite project, where fieldwork was undertaken near Dendron in the Limpopo Province, Pongola in KwaZulu- Natal and Edenville in the Free State, and spent two-thirds of the year sampling spiders as part of the project. She realised that she needed to obtain a degree if she wanted to advance her career and she enrolled at UNISA for a BSc degree with Zoology and Psychology as her main subjects (Zoology was for her work and Psychology for her colleagues) and completed it in 1971.

The Dieldrin project would be the catalyst for a lifelong interest and dedication to spiders. After completing the project, she became a member of the arachnid team, lead by Dr Lenie Meyer. With Dr Meyer as her mentor, Ansie completed all her postgraduate degrees at Rand Afrikaans University (now the University of Johannesburg), which included her BSc honours degree in Zoology (1974) and an MSc thesis on a spider population in strawberries, with special reference to the role of Pardosa crassipalpis Purcell (Araneae: Lycosidae) in the control of Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval). She completed her MSc, cum laude in 1976 and proceeded with her revision of some genera of the subfamily Misumeninae (Araneae: Thomisidae) of southern Africa as the focus of her PhD.

She also met her husband, Nico Dippenaar, while working on the Dieldrin project. Nico worked as a student in the department during this period. They spent long hours at Dendron doing fieldwork and got married in 1972. Both continued with their studies and obtained their PhD degrees in 1980. Nico was employed at the Transvaal Museum (now the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History), and Ansie accompanied him to different localities in South Africa to sample spiders. Their daughter, Nicole, was born in 1983 and she currently works as a Trauma doctor in Pretoria after completing her MBChB degree.

Ansie was promoted to Specialist Scientist and Unit Manager of the Arachnology Unit of the Biosystematics Division, ARC - Plant Protection Research Institute in 2003, and retired in 2013 after 46 years of service to the organisation. She still works at the ARC on a part-time basis as a mentor and continues to identify material for students and the SANSA project. She is an extraordinary professor at the University of Pretoria, an association she has held since 2002, and holds an appointment as a research assistant at the University of Venda. She recently received a B2 rating from the National Research Foundation for the period 2015–2020, independent evidence of her worth and status within the South African and international scientific community.

SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTIONS

Since Ansie started her career as a young biologist, she recognised the huge potential that arachnology held as a field of research in South Africa. Undoubtedly, the contributions that Drs Lenie Meyer and Reginald Lawrence made into shaping her early arachnological development were significant, both representing prominent arachnologists at the time. As her passion for spiders and other arachnids developed, Ansie saw opportunities at every turn. This has been one of the reasons for her very diverse research profile, which has not only treated spiders, but several of the other arachnid orders. Her research interests are very broad, as demonstrated by her publication list, and include taxonomy and systematics, biodiversity, ecology, biology and predation behaviour of arachnids.

Ansie's early work focused on the impacts of pesticides on spider diversity and the role of spiders in agroecosystems as biological control agents. This research continued for several decades through her involvement in projects in several agroecosystems, including various orchards (avocado, macadamia, pistachio, citrus and vineyards) and cultivated crops (particularly cotton, maize and vegetable crops). This recently culminated in a review paper on the current knowledge of spider biodiversity in South African agroecosystems.

Her taxonomic forays started with work on crab spiders (Thomisidae), which have remained her passion throughout her career. She is widely recognised as an international leader on the group and has collaborated on and supervised several taxonomic studies on the family. She has also published or co-authored taxonomic papers on various other families, including Ammoxenidae, Araneidae, Eresidae, Eutichuridae, Hersiliidae, Oxyopidae, Tetragnathidae, Theraphosidae and Zodariidae. Despite these contributions, it is Ansie's general knowledge of African spider taxonomy that is arguably one of her greatest assets. She has a broad familiarity of the generic diversity on the continent and has over the years built up an enviable collection of taxonomic literature to facilitate her identification work (Fig. 1). Few would argue that she is the leading taxonomic authority on the continent's fauna. Not surprisingly, it is this knowledge that has seen her inundated with specimens that require (often “urgent”) identifications (Fig. 2). She has never complained too much about this, stressing the significance of this material in bolstering the National Collection of Arachnida (NCA) collection and providing valuable material for taxonomic study and distribution data.

Figs 1–4.

(1) Ansie enjoying tea with some colleagues from the Biosystematics division at the Plant Protection Research Institute (PPRI). In the background are the many files with taxonomic literature on African spiders that would form the basis for the African Arachnid Database; (2) The storage room in the new Biosystematics building, with large numbers of spiders awaiting identification by Ansie; (3) Part of the Arachnology collection housed at the PPRI; (4) Ansie and Rudy Jocqué (right), together with Dr Jons Terblanche (former president of the Agricultural Research Council, centre), at the launch of their African Spiders book. Photographs courtesy of Robin Lyle.

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With respect to the latter, the specimens sampled during the 5-year Dieldrin project she participated in would form the first accessions of the NCA (non-Acari) collection. Since those first contributions the collection has grown to include more than 60 000 accessions represented by more than 200 000 specimens (Fig. 3). This represents by far the largest arachnid collection on the continent and one of the largest collections of African spiders in the world. Although the bulk of the material in the NCA collection originates from South Africa, many African countries are represented in the collection too. While the expansion of this collection is largely due to Ansie's willingness to identify specimens (one of the key responsibilities of her job at the ARC), she would be the first to give credit to her support staff that have over the years been tasked with the arduous work of labeling, cataloguing and databasing this material so efficiently.

Together with the rise in the status of the NCA collection, Ansie initiated the South African National Survey of Arachnida (SANSA) in 1997, in response to South Africa's obligations to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This national project has since occupied the bulk of her time, but has been pivotal in focusing and co-ordinating arachnid research in South Africa. The first decade of SANSA saw, amongst others, the digitisation of museum and published specimen records, the better organisation of surveys to sample arachnids, and the attraction of a large number of amateur collectors to participate in the project and contribute specimens from around the country. This phase of SANSA also saw the distribution of a SANSA Newsletter and hosting of a website on the project, hosted by the ARC, which provides information on the project and its participants, the different arachnid orders, ongoing and published surveys, and other information.

During 2006, Ansie was able to secure funding from the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) through the Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD) for the second phase of SANSA. As project manager, she directed the planning and execution of field surveys, sorting and identification of material from surveys and museum collections, databasing and digitisation of specimens, and the effective extraction of databased information. The end of the project in 2010 saw the production of the most important summary document on South African spider diversity, the “First Atlas of the Spiders of South Africa” (Fig. 5), which documented detailed locality records for more than 2 000 species, including their occurrence within a global context, records from protected areas and agroecosystems as indications of their level of protection and importance as predators in crops, respectively, as well as a preliminary conservation assessment and distribution map for each species.

Aside from this mammoth contribution, Ansie has been particularly effective in promoting arachnids to naturalists and amateur collectors. This has been achieved through a series of photographic field guides, posters and webpages dedicated to the South African fauna, and hosting several identification workshops to get assistance to work through the backlog of specimens submitted for SANSA. The interest generated through these works has drawn considerable interest into South African spiders, inevitably attracting a large number of spider specimens for identification, as well as photo submissions to the SANSA Virtual Museum. She was also one of the founder members of the Spider Club of Southern Africa, which started 40 years ago. Further, Ansie could be considered a biological media celebrity. She has contributed to a multitude of radio discussions, television programmes and popular articles through the course of her career, opening the world of spiders to a national public audience.

Together with Rudy Jocqué, Ansie also published two major arachnological textbooks. “African Spiders: an Identification Manual” was a ground-breaking work published in 1997 (Figs 4, 6) that collated information on all of the spider families of the Afrotropical Region, including identification keys to the families, and diagnostic characters, lists of genera and discussions of the natural and taxonomic history of each family. This book served as a precursor to the establishment of the African Arachnid Database (AFRAD), on online resource with descriptive figures of African spiders that can facilitate the identification of specimens. This was followed in 2006 by “Spider Families of the World” (Fig. 7), which provided a complete synopsis of global spider family diversity, identification keys, and diagnostic and descriptive characteristics for each family. Aside from these two textbooks, Ansie has authored or co-authored a further seven books, mainly photographic field guides, and also contributed several book chapters (Figs 8–13).

Ansie was particularly instrumental in establishing the Research Group for the Study of African Arachnida (RGSAA) in 1986 in Pretoria. This served as a forum for researchers and amateurs involved in the study of arachnids, and included triannual colloquiums where delegates could share results of their research, discuss projects and spend time together in the field. At the 5th African Arachnological Colloquium (November 1996), the name was changed to the African Arachnological Society (AFRAS). Ansie served as the chairperson of the society from its establishment until 2008, when Charles Haddad was nominated to take over this responsibility. Ansie lead the organising committees of two AFRAS colloquiums, co-organised the 2008 colloquium, and also lead the organisation committee of the first congress of the International Society of Arachnology to be held in Africa (15th ICA), held at Badplaas in 2001 (Fig. 14), a great achievement in its own right. Ansie attended three congresses of the International Society of Arachnology during her career, Badplaas in 2001 (Figs 14, 15), Belgium in 2004 and Brazil in 2007 (Fig. 16), and has not missed a single AFRAS colloquium. AFRAS celebrated its 10th Colloquium in 2011, with three of the founding members (Ansie, Charles Griswold and Astri Leroy) on hand to celebrate the occasion (Fig. 17). During the last three decades AFRAS has expanded considerably, and now has more than 100 members from 26 countries internationally. She also served as convener of the 2010 annual congress for biological sciences of the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns [South African Academy of Science and Arts].

Figs 5–13.

Some of the books that Ansie has published, co-authored or contributed chapters towards: (5) First Atlas of the Spiders of South Africa [2010]; (6) African Spiders: an Identification Manual [1997]; (7) Spider Families of the World [2006]; (8) How to Collect and Preserve Insects and Arachnids [1996]; (9) Spiders of the Kalahari [2010]; (10) Goggo Guide [2010]; (11) Spiders of the Savanna Biome [2013]; (12) Spiders of the Grassland Biome [2014]; (13) Field Guide to the Spiders of South Africa [2014].

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Figs 14–18.

(14) Group photograph from the 15th International Congress of Arachnology, held at Badplaas in 2001, which was organised under the leadership of Ansie (arrow); (15) Ansie spending some time with fellow delegates at the Badplaas congress: from left to right, Jan Bosselaers, Seppo Koponen, Suresh Benjamin and Pekka Lehtinen; (16) The South African contingent at the 17th International Congress of Arachnology, held in Brazil in 2007: from left to right, Lorenzo Prendini, Ansie, Leon Lotz, Charles Haddad and Stefan Foord; (17) Ansie, Charles Griswold and Astri Leroy share a lighter moment at the congress dinner of the 10th Colloquium of the African Arachnological Society, Rhemardo, 2011; (18) Ansie bids farewell to colleagues at a party held in her honour at the Plant Protection Research Institute in Pretoria in 2013. Photographs courtesy of Leon Lotz (14), Robin Lyle (15, 18), Charles Haddad (16) and Astri Leroy (17).

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As a scientific specialist, Ansie has played a major role as a mentor to post-graduate students and has supervised or co-supervised nearly 20 Masters-level studies and four PhD studies. Aside from these, she has provided arachnid identifications to countless ecology students over the years. Her involvement as an extraordinary professor at University of Pretoria has included lecturing on agricultural, veterinary and medically important arachnids and arachnid biodiversity to students in the Medical School and Department of Zoology and Entomology.

HONOURS AND AWARDS

Ansie's recognition by her peers as an established international researcher is reflected by the awards that she has received over the years. Aside from her long service as the chairperson of AFRAS (1986–2008), Ansie was also honoured to be vice-president of the International Society of Arachnology (ISA) from 1996–1998 and was elected the first female president of the ISA, serving in this role from 2004–2007. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of South Africa, and served as General Secretary from 2008–2011. She served as a member of the Steering Committee of the South African Biosystematics Initiative (SABI) from 2003–2005 and was also used regularly as a reviewer for funding applications to the National Research Foundation of South Africa.

Included amongst the awards that she has received are the following:

  • 1991: Agricultural Researcher for the Transvaal Region 1991 (awarded by the Agricultural Writers Association).

  • 1991: National Agricultural Researcher for 1991 (national winner awarded by the Agricultural Writers Association).

  • 1997: ARC-PPRI Directors Award for excellent work.

  • 1998: Joint winner of the 1998 Agricultural Science and Technology “Woman of the year award”.

  • 2001: Merit Award of the Southern African Association for the Advancement of Science in recognition of devoted service to the advancement of science.

  • 2001: ARC-PPRI Directors Award for contributing to the international status of ARC-PPRI through exceptional service in organising the 15th International Congress of Arachnology.

  • 2008: Fellow of the Royal Society of South Africa.

  • 2009: Finalist of the NSTF awards (SANSA team category).

  • 2011: Lawrence Award in recognition of outstanding contributions to arachnology in Africa over a lifetime (African Arachnological Society).

  • 2011: Certificate of Achievement in recognition of outstanding contributions to Arachnology in Africa over the past three years (African Arachnological Society).

  • 2013: Douw Greeff award for co-author of the best scientific publication published in 2012 by the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns.

  • 2014: Certificate of Achievement for the best contribution to African Arachnology over the past three years (African Arachnological Society).

  • 2014: Stefan Foord and Ansie Dippenaar-Schoeman received the award for the best paper presentation at the 11th Colloquium of the African Arachnological Society.

WHAT LIES AHEAD FOR ANSIE?

If one looks at the broader arachnological community, it is not uncommon for retirement to only represent a landmark in one's life. Many arachnologists have continued working well into their 80′s, or at such time as they are taken from us. After all, they say age (and thus retirement) is only a number… Ansie has joined the ranks of many retired arachnologists that have not left their work behind once they have reached retirement age (Fig. 18). She continues to be heavily involved in SANSA activities, publications and identifications. She is presently involved in the first Red Data assessments of South African spiders, one of the required outputs from the SANSA project. This will lead to the publication of an updated atlas on all the spider species of South Africa. She has now time to continue with research on the Thomisidae and is working on a handbook on them. In between, she is busy with several mosaic art projects and selling handmade cards as part of the Feed a Child project. Her new saying is “now I only work for spiders”.

PATRONYMS (* DESCRIBED IN THIS FESTSCHRIFT ISSUE)

Species

  • *Acanthinozodium ansieae Jocqué & van Harten, 2015 (Zodariidae)

  • *Afrarchaea ansieae Lotz, 2015 (Archaeidae)

  • *Afroceto ansieae Lyle, 2015 (Trachelidae)

  • *Afroceto dippenaarae Lyle, 2015 (Trachelidae)

  • *Andoharano ansieae Zonstein & Marusik, 2015 (Filistatidae)

  • Cambalida dippenaarae Haddad, 2012 (Corinnidae)

  • Ceratinopsis dippenaari Jocqué, 1984 (Linyphiidae)

  • Cheiracanthium dippenaarae Lotz, 2007 (Eutichuridae)

  • Cheiramiona ansieae Lotz, 2003 (Eutichuridae)

  • *Cithaeron dippenaarae Bosmans & Van Keer, 2015 (Cithaeronidae)

  • Cydrela schoemanae Jocqué, 1991 (Zodariidae)

  • *Diploglena dippenaarae Haddad, 2015 (Caponiidae)

  • Eusparassus schoemanae Moradmand, 2013 (Sparassidae)

  • *Geraesta ansieae Benjamin, 2015 (Thomisidae)

  • Hortipes schoemanae Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 (Corinnidae)

  • Linotetranus annae Meyer & Ueckermann, 1997 (Linotetranidae)

  • *May ansie Jäger, 2015 (Sparassidae)

  • *Melanoblossia ansie Bird & Wharton, 2015 (Melanoblossiidae)

  • Palystes ansiedippenaarae Croeser, 1996 (Sparassidae)

  • *Pasilobus dippenaarae Roff & Haddad, 2015 (Araneidae)

  • Prima ansieae Foord, 2008 (Hersiliidae)

  • *Pseudomicrommata schoemanae Moradmand, 2015 (Sparassidae)

  • *Ranops dippenaarae Russell-Smith & Jocqué, 2015 (Zodariidae)

  • Selenops ansieae Corronca, 2002 (Selenopidae)

  • Spermophora schoemanae Huber, 2003 (Pholcidae)

  • *Sphaerowithius ansieae Harvey & Mahnert, 2015 (Withiidae)

  • *Tusitala ansieae Azarkina & Foord, 2015 (Salticidae)

  • *Uroplectes ansiedippenaarae Prendini, 2015 (Buthidae)

Genera

  • Ansiea Lehtinen, 2005 (Thomisidae)

  • *Ansienulina Wesołowska, 2015 (Salticidae)

  • Dippenaaria Wunderlich, 1995 (Anapidae)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

African Invertebrates is heartfully thanked for allowing the inclusion of the Ansie Dippenaar-Schoeman Festschrift issue in their journal. Particular thanks are due to the journal editor, Burgert Muller, for supporting this initiative, and his assistants (Graham Elliott & Debbie Turrell) for their work in preparing this issue for publication. Robin Lyle, Leon Lotz and Astri Leroy kindly provided some of the photographs included in this tribute paper.

Appendices

PUBLICATION LIST

  • Canning, G., Reilly, B.K. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2013. First description of the male of Nesiergus insulanus (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Ischnolinae) from the Seychelles Archipelago. African Invertebrates 54: 241–244.

  • Canning, G., Reilly, B.K. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2014a. The distribution and population status of Nesiergus insulanus (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Ischnocolinae) on Frégate Island, Seychelles. Arachnology 16: 124–129.

  • Canning, G., Reilly, B.K. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2014b. Burrow structure and microhabitat characteristics of Nesiergus insulanus (Araneae: Theraphosidae) from Frégate Island, Seychelles. Journal of Arachnology 42: 293–298.

  • Canning, G., Reilly, B.K. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2015. Aspects of the ecology and behaviour of the Seychelles theraphosid Nesiergus insulanus (Arachnida: Araneae: Theraphosidae). African Invertebrates 56: 167–180.

  • Coetzee, J.H., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van den Berg, A. 1990. Spider assemblages on five species of Proteaceous plants in the fynbos biome of South Africa. Phytophylactica 22: 443– 447.

  • De Wet, J.I. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1992. A revision of the genus Ceratogyrus Pocock (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Koedoe 34: 39–68.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1976. An ecological study of the spider population in strawberries with special reference to the role of Pardosa crassipalpis Purcell (Araneae: Lycosidae) in the control of Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval). Unpublished MSc thesis. Johannesburg: Rand Afrikaans University.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1977. The biology of Pardosa crassipalpis Purcell (Araneae: Lycosidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of southern Africa 40: 225–236.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1979a. Spider communities in strawberry beds: seasonal changes in numbers and species composition. Phytophylactica 11: 1–4.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1979b. A simple technique to study feeding behaviour of spiders on mites. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4: 349.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1980a. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae: Thomisidae). 1. The genus Runcinia Simon, 1875. Journal of the Entomological Society of southern Africa 43: 303–326.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1980b. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae: Thomisidae). 2. The genera Pherecydes Pickard-Cambridge, 1883 and Smodicinus Simon, 1895. Journal of the Entomological Society of southern Africa 43: 327–340.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1980c. A revision of some genera of the subfamily Misumeninae (Thomisidae: Araneae) of southern Africa. Unpublished PhD thesis. Johannesburg: Rand Afrikaans Universiteit.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1983. The spider genera Misumena, Misumenops, Runcinia and Thomisus (Araneae: Thomisidae) of southern Africa. Entomology Memoirs of the Department of Agricultural Technical Services of the Republic of South Africa 55: 1–66.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1984. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae Thomisidae). 4. The genus Monaeses Thorell, 1869. Phytophylactica 16: 101–116.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1985. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae: Thomisidae). 5. The genus Tmarus Simon, 1875. Phytophylactica 17: 115–128.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1986a. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae: Thomisidae). 6. The genus Avelis Simon, 1895. Phytophylactica 18: 131–132.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1986b. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae: Thomisidae). 7. The genus Holopelus Simon, 1886. Phytophylactica 18: 187–190.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1987. Spiders. Insight series. Pretoria: Haum-De Jager.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1988a. Annotated check list of the spiders (Araneae) of the Mountain Zebra National Park. Koedoe 31: 151–160.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1988b. The crab-spiders of Malawi (Araneae: Thomisidae). 1. The genera Misumenops, Runcinia and Thomisus. Revue de Zoologie africaine 102: 429–438.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1989a. The African species of the sub-family Penestominae (Araneae: Eresidae): with description of two new species. Phytophylactica 21: 131–134.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1989b. The crab-spiders of southern Africa (Araneae: Thomisidae). 8. The genus Thomisops Karsch, 1875. Phytophylactica 21: 319–330.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1989c. An annotated check list of crab-spiders (Araneae: Thomisidae) of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 10: 20–30.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1990. A revision of the African spider genus Seothyra Purcell (Araneae: Eresidae). Cimbebasia 12: 135–160.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1996. Arachnids. In: Uys, V.M. & Urban, R.P., eds, How to collect and preserve insects and arachnids. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook 7. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council, pp. 22–32.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1998. Spiders as predators of citrus pests. In: Bedford E.C.G. & Van den Berg, M.A., eds, Citrus pests in Southern Africa. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council, pp. 34–35.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 2001. Spiders as predators of pests of tropical and non-citrus subtropical crops. In: Van den Berg, M.A. & De Villiers, E.A., eds, Pests of Tropical and non-citrus Subtropical Crops in the Republic of South Africa. Nelspruit: ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops, pp. 15–17.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 2002a. Baboon and Trapdoor spiders of Southern Africa: an identification manual. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook 13. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 2002b. Araneae. In: Day, J.A. & De Moor, I.J., eds, Guides to the Freshwater invertebrates of Southern Africa. Volume 6: Araneae, Water Mites and Mollusca. Pretoria: Water Research Commission project no. 916, pp. 5–22.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 2006a. Spiders: rare, threatened and endemic species of the Greater St Lucia. In: Combrinck, X. & Kyle, R.A., eds, A handbook on the rare, threatened & endemic species of the Greater St Lucia Wetland Park. St Lucia: Greater St Lucia Wetland Park Authority, pp. 130–145.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 2006b. New records of 43 spider species from the Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 49: 23–28.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 2014. Field Guide of the Spiders of South Africa. Pretoria: Lapa Publishers. Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., De Jager, M. & Van den Berg, A. 1996a. Behaviour and biology of two species of termite-eating spiders, Ammoxenus amphalodes and A. daedalus (Araneae: Ammoxenidae), in South Africa. African Plant Protection 2: 15–17.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. 1996b. Ammoxenus species (Araneae: Ammoxenidae) - specialist predators of harvester termites in South Africa. African Plant Protection 2: 103–109.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. & Dippenaar, N. 1980. Spiders. Insight series. Pretoria: Haum-De Jager.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Foord, S.H. & Haddad, C.R. 2013. Spiders of the Savanna Biome. Thohoyandou: University of Venda and Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Genis, N. De L., Van Ark, H. & Viljoen, J.H. 1978. The effect of Dieldrin coverspraying on some South African spiders and scorpions. Phytophylactica 10: 115–122.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Gonzalez-Reyes, A.X. 2006. South African National Survey of Arachnida (SANSA): Solifugae (sun-spiders) of the national parks and reserves of South Africa (Arachnida, Soligugae). Koedoe 49: 29–38.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Gonzalez-Reyes, A.X. & Harvey, M.S. 2006. A check-list of the Solifugae (sun-spiders) of South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). African Plant Protection 12: 70–92.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Haddad, C.R. 2014. Spiders of the Grassland Biome. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook 19. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Haddad, C.R., Foord, S.H., Lyle, R., Lotz, L., Helberg, L., Mathebula, S., Van den Berg, A., Van den Berg, A.M., Van Niekerk, E. & Jocqué, R. 2010. First Atlas of the Spiders of South Africa. SANSA Technical Report version 1 (2010). Pretoria: South African National Survey of Arachnida.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Haddad, C.R., Foord, S.H., Lyle, R., Lotz, L.N. & Marais, P. In press. South African National Survey of Arachnida (SANSA): current status, significant constraints and future needs for documenting arachnid diversity (Arachnida: Araneae). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Hamer, M. & Haddad, C.R. 2011. Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the vegetation layer of the Mkambati Nature Reserve, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Koedoe 53 (#1058): 1–10.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Harris, R. 2005. Food storage by a wandering ground spider (Araneae, Ammoxenidae, Ammoxenus). Journal of Arachnology 33: 850–851.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Harvey, M. 2000. A check list of the pseudoscorpions of South Africa (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Koedoe 43: 89–102.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Jocqué, R. 1997. African Spiders: an Identification Manual. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook 9. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Kassimatis, E. 2002. Arachnida: Araneae. In: Perkins, J. & Ramberg, L., eds, Environmental monitoring of Tsetse aerial spraying 2001. Maun: Harry Oppenheimer Okavango Research Centre, University of Botswana, pp. 113–131.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Leroy, A. 1996. Notes on the biology of Pycnacantha tribulus, another araneid without an orbweb (Araneae: Araneidae). Revue suisse de Zoologie vol. hors série: 165–171.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Leroy, A. 2003. A check list of the spiders of the Kruger National Park, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 46: 91–100.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Leroy, A., De Jager, M. & Van den Berg, A. 1999. Spider diversity of the Karoo National Park, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 42: 31–42.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Lyle, R. & Van den Berg, A.M. 2012. Bioinformatics on the spiders of South Africa. Serket 13: 121–127.

  • Dippenaar, A.S. & Meyer, M.K.P. 1980. On the species of the African genus Ammoxenus (Araneae: Ammoxenidae) with description of two new species. Journal of the Entomological Society of southern Africa 43: 41–49.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Müller, G.J. 1992. A new species of Steatoda (Araneae: Theridiidae) from South Africa. Phytophylactica 24: 9–13.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Ueckermann, E.A. 2005. Obituary: Dr M.K.P. Meyer Smith. African Plant Protection 11: 17–22.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Ueckermann, E. & Picker, M. 2011. Spiders, mites, ticks. In: Picker, M. & Griffiths, C., eds, Alien and Invasive Animals a South African Perspective. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, pp. 150–159.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van den Berg, A. 1988. Common names of spiders (Araneae) of southern Africa. Koedoe 31: 161–201.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A. & Prendini, L. 2009. A checklist of spiders and scorpions of the Nylsvley Nature Reserve, South Africa. Koedoe 50: 1–9.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van Den Berg, A.M. 2010. Spiders of the Kalahari. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook 18. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A.M., Haddad, C.R. & Lyle, R. 2013. Spiders in South African agroecosystems: a review (Arachnida, Araneae). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 68: 57–74.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A.M., Lyle, R., Haddad, C.R., Foord, S.H. & Lotz, L.N. 2013. Die diversiteit van Suid-Afrikaanse spinnekoppe (Arachnida: Araneae): dokumentering van ‘n nasionale opname. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie 32 (#375): 1–7.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A.M. & Van den Berg, A. 1989. Species composition and relative seasonal abundance of spiders from the field and tree layers of the Roodeplaat Dam Nature Reserve. Koedoe 32: 51–60.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A.M. & Van den Berg, A. 1999. Spiders in South African cotton fields: species diversity and abundance (Arachnida: Araneae). African Plant Protection 5: 93–103.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A.M., Van den Berg, A., Van den Berg, M.A. & Foord, S.H. 2005. Spiders in avocado orchards in the Mpumalanga Lowveld of South Africa: species diversity and abundance (Arachnida: Araneae). African Plant Protection 11: 8–16.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, M.A. & Van den Berg, A.M. 2001a. Spiders in macadamia orchards in the Mpumalanga Lowveld of South Africa: species diversity and abundance (Arachnida: Araneae). African Plant Protection 7: 36–46.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, M.A. & Van den Berg, A.M. 2001b. Salticid spiders in macadamia orchards in the Mpumalanga Lowveld of South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae: Salticidae). African Plant Protection 7: 47–51.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van der Merwe, M. & Van den Berg, A.M. 2006. Habitat preferences and seasonal activity of the Microstigmatidae from Ngome State Forest, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 49: 85–89.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van der Walt, A.E., De Jager, M., Le Roux, E. & Van den Berg, A. 2005. The spiders of the Swartberg Nature Reserve in South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 48: 77–86.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van Harten, A. 2007. Crab spiders (Araneae: Thomisidae) from mainland Yemen and the Socotra Archipelago: Part 1. The genus Thomisus Walckenaer, 1805. Fauna of Arabia 23: 169–188.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Wassenaar, T.D. 2002. A checklist of the ground-dwelling spiders of coastal dune forests at Richards Bay, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 275–279.

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Wassenaar, T.D. 2006. A checklist of spiders from the herbaceous layer of a coastal dune forest ecosystem at Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). African Invertebrates 47: 63–70.

  • Durand, J.F., Swart, A., Marais, W.C., Jansen Van Rensburg, C., Habig, J., Dippenaar-Schoeman A., Ueckermann, E., Venter, E., Jacobs, A., De Wet, L. 2012. Die karst-ekologie van Bakwenagrot (Gauteng). Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie 31 (1): 1–17.

  • Eardley, C.D. & Dippenaar, A.S. 1996. Collection and preparation of material. I. Collecting methods. In: Uys, V.M. & Urban, R.P., eds, How to collect and preserve insects and arachnids. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook 7. Pretoria: Agricultural Research Council, pp. 33–53.

  • Foord, S.H. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005a. A revision of the Afrotropical species of Hersiliola Thorell and Tama Simon with the description of a new genus Tyrotama (Araneae: Hersiliidae). African Entomology 13: 255–279.

  • Foord, S.H. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005b. Spiders (Araneae). In: Berger, K., Crafford, J.A., Gaigher, I., Gaigher, M.J., Hahn, N. & MacDonald, I., eds, A first synthesis of the environmental, biological & cultural assets of the Soutpansberg. Louis Trichardt: Leach Printers and Signs, pp. 45–50.

  • Foord, S.H. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2006a. First records of the genus Neotama Baehr & Baehr (Araneae: Hersiliidae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Invertebrates 46: 125–132.

  • Foord, S.H. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2006b. A revision of the Afrotropical species of Hersilia Audouin (Araneae: Hersiliidae). Zootaxa 1347: 1–92.

  • Foord, S.H., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van der Merwe, M. 2002. A check list of the spider fauna of the Western Soutpansberg, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 45: 35–43.

  • Foord, S.H., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Haddad, C.R. 2011a. South African Spider Diversity: African Perspectives on the conservation of a Mega-diverse Group. In: Grillo, O. & Venora, G., eds, Changing Diversity in Changing Environment. Rijeka, InTech Publishing, pp. 163–182.

  • Foord, S.H., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Haddad, C.R. 2011b. The faunistic diversity of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of the Savanna Biome in South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 66: 170–201.

  • Foord, S.H., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Stam, E. 2013. Surrogates of spider diversity, leveraging the conservation of a poorly known group in the Savanna Biome of South Africa. Biological Conservation 161: 203–212.

  • Foord, S.H., Mafadza, M.M., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van Rensburg, B.J. 2008. Small scale heterogeneity in spider (Arachnida: Araneae) species composition and assemblage structure in the Soutpansberg, South Africa. African Zoology 43: 156–174.

  • Fourie, R. Haddad, C.R., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Grobler, A. 2013. Ecology of the plant-dwelling spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Erfenis Dam Nature Reserve, South Africa. Koedoe 55 (#1113): 1–9.

  • Franzini, P.Z.N., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. Yessoufou, K. & Van Der Bank, H. 2013. Mitochondrial genomic DNA and morphological data indicate that more than one species of Cyrtophora (Araneae: Araneidae) exists in South Africa. International Journal of Modern Biological Research 1: 21–34.

  • Griffin, E. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1992. A checklist of and references to the Namibian spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae). Cimbebasia 13: 155–181.

  • Haddad, C.R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2002. The influence of mound structure on the diversity of spiders (Araneae) inhabiting the abandoned mounds of the snouted harvester termite Trinervitermes trinervoides (Sjöstedt). Journal of Arachnology 30: 403–408.

  • Haddad, C.R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005. Epigeic spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in Nama Karoo grassland in the Northern Cape Province. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 21: 1–10.

  • Haddad, C.R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2006a. Epigeic spiders (Araneae) in pistachio orchards in South Africa. African Plant Protection 12: 12–22.

  • Haddad, C.R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2006b. Spiders (Araneae) inhabiting abandoned mounds of the snouted harvester termite Trinervitermes trinervoides (Sjöstedt) (Isoptera: Termitidae: Nasutitermitinae) in the Free State, South Africa. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 22: 1–15.

  • Haddad, C.R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2009. A checklist of the non-acarine arachnids (Chelicerata: Arachnida) of the De Hoop Nature Reserve, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Koedoe 51 (#149): 1–9.

  • Haddad, C.R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2015. Diversity of non-acarine arachnids of the Ophathe Game Reserve, South Africa: testing a rapid sampling protocol. Koedoe 57 (#1255) : 1–15.

  • Haddad, C.R, Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Foord, S.H., Lotz, L.N. & Lyle, R. 2013. The faunistic diversity of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of the Grassland Biome in South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 68: 97–122.

  • Haddad, C.R., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Pekár, S. 2005. Arboreal spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in pistachio orchards in South Africa. African Plant Protection 11: 32–41.

  • Haddad, C.R., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Wesołowska, W. 2006. A checklist of the non-acarine arachnids (Chelicerata: Arachnida) of the Ndumo Game Reserve, Maputaland, South Africa. Koedoe 49: 1–22.

  • Haddad, C.R., Honiball, A.S., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Slotow, R. & Van Rensburg, B.J. 2010. Spiders as potential indicators of elephant-induced habitat changes in endemic sand forest, Maputaland, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology 48: 446–460.

  • Haddad, C.R., Louw, S.vdM. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2004. An assessment of the biological control potential of Heliophanus pistaciae (Araneae: Salticidae) on Nysius natalensis (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae), a pest of pistachio nuts. Biological Control 31: 83–90.

  • Haddad, C.R., Louw, S.vdM. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005. Spiders (Araneae) in ground covers of pistachio orchards in South Africa. African Plant Protection 10: 97–107.

  • Holm, E. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2010. Goggo Guide. Pretoria: Lapa Publishers.

  • Honiball Lewis, A. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2014. Revision of the spider genus Mystaria Simon, 1895 (Araneae: Thomisidae) and the description of a new genus from the Afrotropical region. Zootaxa 3873: 101–144.

  • Jansen, R., Makaka, L., Little, I.T. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2013. Response of ground-dwelling spider assemblages (Arachnida, Araneae) to Montane Grassland management practices in South Africa. Insect Conservation and Diversity 6: 572–589.

  • Jocqué, R., Alderweireldt, M. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2013. Biodiversity: An African perspective. In: Penney, D., ed., Spider Research in the 21st Century. Manchester: Siri Scientific Press, pp. 18–57.

  • Jocqué, R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1992. Two new termite-eating Diores species (Araneae, Zodariidae) and some observations on unique prey immobilization. Journal of Natural History 26: 1405–1412.

  • Jocqué, R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2006. Spider families of the World. Tervuren: Royal Museum for Central Africa. Khoza, T.T., Dippenaar, S.M. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005. The biodiversity and species composition of the spider community of Marion Island, a recent survey (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 48: 103–107.

  • Lawrence, R.F., Croeser, P.M.C. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1980. Spiders of Maputaland with notes on some associated Arthropods. In: Bruton, M.N. & Cooper, K.H., eds, Studies of the ecology of Maputaland. Durban: Rhodes University and the Natal Branch of the Wildlife Society of Southern Africa, pp. 146–163.

  • Lewis, A.S. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2011. Revision of the spider genus Sylligma in the Afrotropical Region (Araneae, Thomisidae). African Entomology 19: 119–132.

  • Lotz, L.N. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1999. Cheiramiona, a new Afrotropical genus of the Miturgidae (Araneae: Miturgidae: Eutichurinae). Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 15: 33–44.

  • Marais, P., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Lyle, R., Anderson, C. & Mathebula, S. 2013. Catalogue of the spider type specimens deposited in the National Collection of Arachnida of the Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria (Arthropoda: Arachnida: Araneae). Pretoria: ARC - Plant Protection Research Institute, Technical Communication version 1.

  • McGeoch, M.A., Sithole, H., Samways, M.J., Simaika, J.P., Pryke, J.S., Picker, M., Uys, C., Armstrong, A.J., Dippenaar- Schoeman, A.S., Engelbrecht, I.A., Braschler, B. & Hamer, M. 2011. Conservation and monitoring of invertebrates in terrestrial protected areas. Koedoe 53 (#1000): 1–13.

  • Mellet, M.E., Schoeman, A.S. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2006. Effect of Bt-cotton cultivation on spider (Arachnida: Araneae) populations near Marble Hall, Mpumalanga, South Africa. African Plant Protection 12: 40–50.

  • Mgobozi, M.P., Somers, M. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2008. Spider responses to alien plant invasion: the effect of short- and long-term Chromolaena odorata invasion and management. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1189–1197.

  • Midega, C.A.O., Khan, Z.R., Van den Berg, J., Ogol, C.K.P.O., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Pickett, J.A. & Wadhams, L.J. 2008. Response of ground-dwelling arthropods to a ‘push-pull’ habitat management system: spiders as an indicator group. Journal of Applied Entomology 132: 248–254.

  • Modiba, M.A., Dippenaar, S.M. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005. A checklist of spiders from Sovenga Hill, an inselberg in the Savanna Biome, Limpopo Province, South Africa (Arachnida: Araneae). Koedoe 48: 109–115.

  • Muelelwa, M.I., Foord, S.H., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Stam, E.M. 2010. Towards a standardized and optimized protocol for rapid assessments: spider species richness and assemblage composition in two savanna vegetation types. African Zoology 45: 273–290.

  • Mukherjee, A., Wilske, B., Navarro, R.A., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Underhill, L.G. 2010. Association of spiders and lichen on Robben Island, South Africa: a case report. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2: 815–819.

  • Müller, G.J., Kriegler, A.B., Van Zyl, J.M., Van der Walt, B.J., Dippenaar, A.S. & Van Jaarsveld, P.P. 1992. Comparison of the toxicity, neuro-transmitter releasing potency and polypeptide composition of the venom from Steatoda foravae, Latrodectus indistinctus and L. geometricus (Araneae: Theridiidae). South African Journal of Science 88: 113–116.

  • Nel, E., Kelly, J. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2014. Notes on the biology of the wasp, Chalybion spinolae (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), an obligatory predator of Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae) spiders in South Africa. Journal of Natural History 48: 1585–1593.

  • Okuma, C. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1988. Tetragnatha (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) in the collection of the Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria with a description of a new species. Phytophylactica 20: 219–232.

  • Rayner, R.J., Bamford, M.K., Brothers, D.J., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Mckay, I.J., Oberprieler, R.G. & Waters, S.B. 1997. Cretaceous fossils from the Orapa Diamond Mine. Palaeontologica Africana 33: 56–65.

  • Rayner, R.J. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1995. A fossil spider (superfamily Lycosoidea) from the Cretaceous of Botswana. South African Journal of Science 91: 98–100.

  • Robertson, M.P., Harris, K.R., Coetzee, J., Foxcroft, L., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Van Rensburg, B.J. 2011. Assessing local scale impacts of Opuntia stricta (Cactaceae) invasion on beetle and spider diversity in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. African Zoology 46: 205–223.

  • Roff, J. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2005. Description of a new species of Cladomelea bolas-spider from South Africa, with notes on its behaviour (Araneae: Araneidae). African Invertebrates 45: 1–6.

  • Van den Berg, A. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1991. Ground-living spiders from an area where the harvester termite Hodotermes mossambicus occurs in South Africa. Phytophylactica 23: 247–253

  • Van den Berg, A. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1994. A revision of the Afrotropical species of the genus Tibellus (Araneae: Philodromidae). Koedoe 37: 67–114.

  • Van den Berg, A.M. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1988. Spider communities in a pine plantation at Sabie, eastern Transvaal: a preliminary survey. Phytophylactica 20: 293–296.

  • Van den Berg, A.M. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1991. Spiders, predacious insects and mites on South African cotton. Phytophylactica 23: 85–86.

  • Van den Berg, A.M., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Schoonbee, H.J. 1990. The effect of two pesticides on spiders in South African cotton fields. Phytophylactica 22: 435–441.

  • Van den Berg, M.A., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Deacon V.E. & Anderson, S.H. 1992. Interaction between citrus psylla, Trioza erytreae (Hem. Triozidae), and spiders in an unsprayed citrus orchard in the Transvaal Lowveld. Entomophaga 37: 599–608.

  • Van der Merwe, M., Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. & Scholtz, C.H. 1996. Diversity of ground-living spiders at Ngome State Forest, KwaZulu/Natal: a comparative survey in indigenous forest and pine plantations. African Journal of Ecology 34: 342–350.

  • Van Niekerk, P. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 1994. A revision of the Afrotropical species of Peucetia (Araneae: Oxyopidae). Entomology Memoirs of the Department of Agricultural Technical Services of the Republic of South Africa 89: 1–50.

  • Van Niekerk, P. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2010. Revision of the spider genus Simorcus in the Afrotropical Region (Araneae, Thomisidae). African Entomology 18: 66–86.

  • Van Niekerk, P. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2013. A revision of the spider genus Heriaeus Simon, 1875 (Araneae: Thomisidae) of the Afrotropical Region. African Invertebrates 54: 447–476.

  • Vasconcellos-Neto, J., Romero, G.Q., Santos, A.J. & Dippenaar- Schoeman, A.S. 2007. Associations of spiders of the genus Peucetia (Oxyopidae) with plants bearing glandular hairs. Biotropica 39: 221–226.

  • Whitmore, C., Slotow, R., Crouch, T.E. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2001. Checklist of spiders (Araneae) from savanna ecosystem, Northern Province, South Africa: including a new family record. Durban Museum Novitates 26: 10–19.

  • Whitmore, C., Slotow, R., Crouch, T.E. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2002. Diversity of spiders (Araneae) in a savanna reserve, Northern Province, South Africa. Journal of Arachnology 30: 344–356.

Charles Haddad and Stefan H. Foord "The Life and Times of Africa's First Lady of Arachnology, Ansie Dippenaar-Schoeman," African Invertebrates 56(2), 269-283, (1 August 2015). https://doi.org/10.5733/afin.056.0203
Published: 1 August 2015
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