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1 June 2002 Migration and Fishing in Indonesian Coastal Villages
Randall A. Kramer, Sahat M. H. Simanjuntak, Christopher Liese
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The coastal ecosystems in Southeast Asia are under increased pressure from local and global change. This paper examines human migration and the use of marine resources in coastal villages in the Minahasa district of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Primary data were collected through interviews with village leaders, focus groups, and a sample survey of 600 fishing households. Migration is responsible for at least one quarter of the total growth during the past decade. All groups of fishermen report falling productivity of the nearshore fisheries. Econometric analysis is used to examine the weekly fish catch of the artisanal fishing sector. Migration status and socioeconomic variables seem to have no systematic effect, while fishing effort (labor, boat, and gear), the degree of specialization, and the remoteness of villages are found to be positively related to weekly fish catches.

Randall A. Kramer, Sahat M. H. Simanjuntak, and Christopher Liese "Migration and Fishing in Indonesian Coastal Villages," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 31(4), 367-372, (1 June 2002).
Published: 1 June 2002

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