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1 March 2008 Putting Humans in Ecology: Consistency in Science and Management
Larry Hobbs, Charles W. Fowler
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Normal and abnormal levels of human participation in ecosystems can be revealed through the use of macroecological patterns. Such patterns also provide consistent and objective guidance that will lead to achieving and maintaining ecosystem health and sustainability. This paper focuses on the consistency of this type of guidance and management. Such management, in sharp contrast to current management practices, ensures that our actions as individuals, institutions, political groups, societies, and as a species are applied consistently across all temporal, spatial, and organizational scales. This approach supplants management of today, where inconsistency results from debate, politics, and legal and religious polarity. Consistency is achieved when human endeavors are guided by natural patterns. Pattern-based management meets long-standing demands for enlightened management that requires humans to participate in complex systems in consistent and sustainable ways.

Larry Hobbs and Charles W. Fowler "Putting Humans in Ecology: Consistency in Science and Management," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 37(2), 119-124, (1 March 2008).[119:PHIECI]2.0.CO;2
Received: 19 December 2006; Accepted: 1 May 2007; Published: 1 March 2008

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