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1 March 2008 Developing Interdisciplinary Environmental Frameworks
Petri Tapio, Risto Willamo
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The purpose of this article is to review interdisciplinary systemic frameworks of environmental protection and evaluate their use as tools, educational policymaking and education. We analyze the pressures-state-responses (PSR) framework of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the drivers-pressures-state-impact-response (DPSIR) framework developed in the European Environment Agency and a later environmental political dynamics framework developed by Schroll and Stærdahl. We then continue the discussion by introducing a comprehensive model, labeled as the environmental protection process (EPP) framework that can be used to analyze and teach why there are environmental problems, what are their characteristics, and in which ways they can be mitigated. The EPP model is used for classifying measures of coping with environmental problems. Finally, a submodel of individual and societal factors affecting human action is formed. Environmental issues of transport are used as an illustrative example. We hope to contribute a relevant way to outline a wide interdisciplinary picture of environmental problems and solutions.

Petri Tapio and Risto Willamo "Developing Interdisciplinary Environmental Frameworks," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 37(2), 125-133, (1 March 2008).[125:DIEF]2.0.CO;2
Received: 29 March 2006; Accepted: 1 September 2007; Published: 1 March 2008

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