How to translate text using browser tools
1 June 2009 Testing Theories to Explore the Drivers of Cities' Atmospheric Emissions
Patricia Romero Lankao, John L. Tribbia, Doug Nychka
Author Affiliations +

Despite a growing body of evidence demonstrating the importance of cities as sources of many local, regional, and global impacts on the atmosphere, ecosystems, and human populations, most theories on the relationship between society and the environment have focused on the global or national level. A variety of theories exist on human–environment interactions; for example, ecological modernization, urban transitions, and human ecology. However, with the exception of urban transitions, these theories have been mainly concerned with nation states and have ignored the subnational and local (city) levels. This article aims at filling this gap by employing ordinary least squares regression to examine these theories at the city level using the STIRPAT formula. It finds that with the exception of population (which shows an unstable relationship with the impacts indicators applied in the analysis) a remarkable level of variation exists in the importance of drivers across the three exercises. This led us to conclude that urban atmospheric pollutants result from diverse activities (e.g., transportation, industrial), are formed through different processes (vehicle combustion, biomass burning), have a residence time ranging from hours to years, and are the outcome of diverse sets of societal and environmental drivers.

Patricia Romero Lankao, John L. Tribbia, and Doug Nychka "Testing Theories to Explore the Drivers of Cities' Atmospheric Emissions," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 38(4), 236-244, (1 June 2009).
Received: 10 July 2008; Accepted: 1 November 2008; Published: 1 June 2009

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.

Get copyright permission
Back to Top