1 March 2010 Variation in Organic Matter and Water Color in Lake Mälaren During the Past 70 Years
L. Johansson, J. Temnerud, J. Abrahamsson, D. Berggren Kleja
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Interest in long time series of organic matter data has recently increased due to concerns about the effects of global climate change on aquatic ecosystems. This study presents and evaluates unique time series of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and water color from Lake Mälaren, Sweden, stretching almost seven decades (1935–2004). A negative linear trend was found in COD, but not in water color. The decrease was mainly due to installation of sewage works around 1970. Time series of COD and water color had cyclic pattern. It was strongest for COD, with 23 years periodicity. Similar periodicity observed in air temperature and precipitation in Sweden has been attributed to the North Atlantic Oscillation index and solar system orbit, suggesting that COD in Lake Mälaren is partly derived from algae. Discharge influenced water color more than COD, possibly because water color consists of colored substances brought into the lake from surrounding soils.

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010 www.kva.se/en
L. Johansson, J. Temnerud, J. Abrahamsson, and D. Berggren Kleja "Variation in Organic Matter and Water Color in Lake Mälaren During the Past 70 Years," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 39(2), 116-125, (1 March 2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0019-2
Received: 16 November 2008; Accepted: 11 August 2009; Published: 1 March 2010

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