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1 June 2010 Effects of Modern Forest Management on Winter Grazing Resources for Reindeer in Sweden
Sonja Kivinen, Jon Moen, Anna Berg, Åsa Eriksson
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Abstract

Boreal forests in Sweden are exploited in a number of ways, including forestry and reindeer husbandry. In the winter, reindeer feed mainly on lichens, and lichen-rich forests are a key resource in the herding system. Commercial forestry has mainly negative effects on reindeer husbandry, and conflicts between these two industries have escalated over the last century. This article reviews the effects of modern forest management practices on the winter resources available for reindeer husbandry. Forestry affects reindeer husbandry at both the stand level and the landscape level and over various time scales. Clear-cutting, site preparation, fertilization, short rotation times, and forest fragmentation have largely resulted in a reduced amount of ground growing and arboreal lichens and restricted access to resource. This article also discusses alternative forestry practices and approaches that could reduce the impacts of forestry on reindeer husbandry, both in the short and long term.

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010 www.kva.se/en
Sonja Kivinen, Jon Moen, Anna Berg, and Åsa Eriksson "Effects of Modern Forest Management on Winter Grazing Resources for Reindeer in Sweden," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 39(4), 269-278, (1 June 2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0044-1
Received: 21 April 2009; Accepted: 4 January 2010; Published: 1 June 2010
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KEYWORDS
boreal forest
forestry
Lichens
Reindeer herding
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