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1 March 2011 Framing Environmental Risks in the Baltic Sea: A News Media Analysis
Anna Maria Jönsson
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Abstract

Scientific complexity and uncertainty is a key challenge for environmental risk governance and to understand how risks are framed and communicated is of utmost importance. The Baltic Sea ecosystem is stressed and exposed to different risks like eutrophication, overfishing, and hazardous chemicals. Based on an analysis of the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter, this study discusses media representations of these risks. The results show that the reporting on the Baltic Sea has been fairly stable since the beginning of the 1990s. Many articles acknowledge several risks, but eutrophication receives the most attention and is also considered the biggest threat. Authorities, experts, organizations, and politicians are the dominating actors, while citizens and industry representatives are more or less invisible. Eutrophication is not framed in terms of uncertainty concerning the risk and consequences, but rather in terms of main causes.

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2011
Anna Maria Jönsson "Framing Environmental Risks in the Baltic Sea: A News Media Analysis," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 40(2), 121-132, (1 March 2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0124-2
Published: 1 March 2011
JOURNAL ARTICLE
12 PAGES

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KEYWORDS
Baltic Sea
complexity
Framing
News media
risk
uncertainty
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