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1 September 2011 Multi-Decadal Changes in Tundra Environments and Ecosystems: The International Polar Year-Back to the Future Project (IPY-BTF)
Terry V. Callaghan, Craig E. Tweedie, Patrick J. Webber
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Abstract

Polar and alpine environments are changing rapidly due to increases in temperature, which are amplified in the Arctic, as well as changes in many local factors. The impacts on ecosystems and their function have potential consequences for local residents and the global community. Tundra areas are vast and diverse, and the knowledge of geographical variation in environmental and ecosystem change is limited to relatively few locations, or to remote sensing approaches that are limited mostly to the past few decades. The International Polar Year, IPY, provided a context, stimulus and timely opportunities for re-visiting old research sites and data sets to collate data on past changes, to pass knowledge from old to new generations of researchers and to document environmental characteristics of sites to facilitate detection and attribution of future changes. Consequently, the project “Retrospective and Prospective Vegetation Change in the Polar Regions: Back to the Future,” BTF, was proposed and endorsed as an IPY activity (project #512). With national funding support, teams of researchers re-visited former sites and data sets throughout the Arctic and some alpine regions. These efforts have amounted to a gamut of “BTF” studies that are collectively geographically expansive and disciplinary diverse. A selection of these studies are introduced and presented in the current issue together with a brief synthesis of their findings.

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2011
Terry V. Callaghan, Craig E. Tweedie, and Patrick J. Webber "Multi-Decadal Changes in Tundra Environments and Ecosystems: The International Polar Year-Back to the Future Project (IPY-BTF)," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 40(6), 555-557, (1 September 2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0162-4
Published: 1 September 2011
JOURNAL ARTICLE
3 PAGES

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KEYWORDS
Glaciers
Goose grazing
IPY
limnology
permafrost
shrubs
Snow stratigraphy
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