Bivalve mollusks from the Triassic-Jurassic transition collected in eight localities in Asturias and the western Basque-Cantabrian Basin (Palencia province) are systematically revised. Preservation is poor at all localities. The dominant Rhaetian bivalves are Isocyprina concentrica (Moore) and Bakevellia (Bakevelloides) praecursor (Quenstedt). These species, together with Isocyprina cf. ewaldi (Bornemann), Pteromya cf. crowcombeia (Moore), Pseudoplacunopsis alpina (Winkler), and Modiolus? sp. (cf. minimus J. Sowerby), with a specimen of Arcestidae (?), belong to an assemblage similar to that found in the Westbury and Lilstock formations (Penarth Group) in the late Rhaetian of southern England. The most abundant Hettangian species is Isocyprina (Eotrapezium) germari (Dunker). Others are referred to Cuneigervillia rhombica (Cossmann), Sphaeriola? sp., Eomiodon? sp. and Pteromya cf. tatei (Richardson and Tutcher). All Hettangian shell beds examined are monotypic or have very low diversity, a biological indication that they may belong to a restricted marine environment, with high environmental stress levels. Even the more diverse assemblage (Pteromya-Cuneigervillia-Eomiodon) was probably also salinity controlled. The fauna analyzed here clearly belongs to the same facies and environment as those described from Aquitaine (France) and the Pyrenees and is different from coeval bivalve assemblages from other European Hettangian localities. The Triassic-Jurassic boundary cannot be precisely located at the studied sections on the basis of the bivalve faunas alone, but these indicate that the transition beds in Asturias were deposited in a marginal marine environment and the benthic fauna was dominated by shallow burrowing, suspensivorous bivalves.
Vol. 47 • No. 2
Vol. 47 • No. 2