PALMOXYLON ROMEROI SP. NOV., OF THE CHIQUIMIL FORMATION (UPPER MIOCENE) FROM VALLE DE SANTA MARÍA, CATAMARCA PROVINCE, ARGENTINA. Diverse palms types and other angiosperms represented by pollen records, fossil wood and leaf, stems and fruit impressions, have been found and studied in the Chiquimil Formation (upper Miocene) of the Santa María Group. In this contribution a new species of fossil Arecaceae is described, i.e., Palmoxylon romeroi sp. nov. It is represented by a silicified fossil palm trunk found in the Chiquimil Formation in Catamarca, northwestern Argentina. The fossil material has a Cocos-Type general stem structure; central cylinder well delimited from the cortical zone; fibrous-vascular bundles with vaginata shape; metaxylem usually with 3–5 vessels; one phloem strand; tabular, radiating and paravascular parenchyma present; ground parenchyma composed by spheroid to elongated cells, lobed with a rectangular shape and globular echinate stem stegmata. This taxon most closely compares to the Subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe Cryosophileae. Considering the distribution of most closely related extant taxon and the geological and paleobotanical records, Palmoxylon romeroi sp. nov. probably grew in savannah-like uplands characterized by a dry or seasonally dry tropical-subtropical climate.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 51 • No. 6