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1 November 2017 Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Gerbera delavayi (Asteraceae) in Southwest China: Implications for Conservation
Xiao-Dan Xu, Wei Zheng, Long-Qing Chen, Jun Wen
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Gerbera delavayi (fireweed, Asteraceae) is a perennial herb native to southwest China and the neighboring Vietnam. In recent years, the species' distribution and abundance have seriously declined, because its leaves have been excessively harvested for textile industry. In this study, 19 polymorphic and neutral microsatellite primer pairs were developed based on transcriptome sequencing of G. delavayi and then used to infer the influence of human activities on the genetic diversity and population structure of nine wild populations (204 individuals). Moderate genetic diversity was detected based on the allelic richness AR = 3.436, Shannon's information index I = 0.789, observed heterozygosity HO = 0.304, and expected heterozygosity HE = 0.415, and moderate genetic differentiation FST = 0.110 (p < 0.001) was found among the nine populations. High genetic differentiation, limited gene flow, and a clear genetic barrier were detected between one population and the remaining eight. The results suggest that isolation barriers and human overexploitation have led to the moderate genetic diversity in the populations of G. delavayi. Environmental factors, floristic composition and geographic barriers of mountain ranges affected the genetic structure of G. delavayi. When utilizing the current wild resources, protection of genetic diversity both in situ and ex situ need to be considered.

© Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board 2017
Xiao-Dan Xu, Wei Zheng, Long-Qing Chen, and Jun Wen "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Gerbera delavayi (Asteraceae) in Southwest China: Implications for Conservation," Annales Botanici Fennici 54(4–6), 409-422, (1 November 2017).
Received: 29 March 2017; Accepted: 8 September 2017; Published: 1 November 2017
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