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19 February 2016 Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) of Aphids Feeding on Ornamental Trees in Southeastern Europe: Key for Identification and Tritrophic Associations
Nickolas G. Kavallieratos, Željko Tomanović, Andjeljko Petrović, Korana Kocić, Marina Janković, Petr Starý
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Abstract

Ornamental trees are valuable natural elements which provide several economic, aesthetic, and ecological benefits to humans. They are seriously infested by numerous pests and diseases, among which aphids are of high importance. Here we present a comprehensive list of Aphidiinae parasitoid species that attack aphids on ornamental trees in southeastern Europe, some of which are potential biocontrol agents. Thirty-eight species of Aphidiinae are recorded, keyed, and illustrated. Fifty-six out of 120 recorded tritrophic (parasitoidaphidplant) associations were previously unknown. The results are discussed in relation to the overall parasitoidaphidtree associations in the target region, as well as potential of parasitoid use in biological control programs.

© The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
Nickolas G. Kavallieratos, Željko Tomanović, Andjeljko Petrović, Korana Kocić, Marina Janković, and Petr Starý "Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) of Aphids Feeding on Ornamental Trees in Southeastern Europe: Key for Identification and Tritrophic Associations," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 109(3), 473-487, (19 February 2016). https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/saw003
Received: 15 October 2015; Accepted: 4 January 2016; Published: 19 February 2016
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KEYWORDS
Aphidiinae
aphids
ornamental trees
southeastern Europe
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