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6 July 2017 Biology and Development of Xanthopimpla pedator (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): Pupal Endoparasitoid of Antheraea mylitta (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)
Ganesh B. Gathalkar, Deepak D. Barsagade, Avalokiteswar Sen
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The Antheraea mylitta (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is a commercially important species for the production of tasar silk. However, the Xanthopimpla pedator (F.) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) is a major pupal endoparasitoid of A. mylitta, which affects the total tasar silk production in India. A gravid female X. pedator parasitizes the pupae of A. mylitta by depositing an egg, which produces a single offspring per host. We studied the development of immature forms of X. pedator by dissecting parasitized pupae of A. mylitta under laboratory conditions at 28–30 °C and 40–60% relative humidity. All immature stages of the parasitoid develop within the host in 20–22 d, by devouring the entire pupal content, resulting in dead or seedless cocoons. The total life cycle of X. pedator is completed inside the host pupa and the adult emerges out by rupturing the peduncle end of the cocoon. During development of X. pedator, five preimaginal stages, viz., egg, larval instars, prepupa, pupa, and a pharate adult, were observed. Xanthopimpla pedator passes through five larval instars identified by structural and morphometric variations. These include primary larva (L1), the intermediate larvae (L2–L4), and the final-instar larva (L5). Biometric study and larval head width permitted the morphological separation of all five larval instars. In the present study, the biology and development of X. pedator inside the pupa of A. mylitta are reported for the first time with detailed photomicrographs. Therefore, the study may enable the information concerning physiological interactions between A. mylitta and its endoparasitoid, X. pedator.

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Ganesh B. Gathalkar, Deepak D. Barsagade, and Avalokiteswar Sen "Biology and Development of Xanthopimpla pedator (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): Pupal Endoparasitoid of Antheraea mylitta (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 110(6), 544-550, (6 July 2017).
Received: 27 May 2016; Accepted: 19 May 2017; Published: 6 July 2017

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idiobiont endoparasite
immature form
pupal parasitization
silk production
tasar silkworm
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