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6 July 2018 A High Mountain Moth Assemblage Quickly Recovers After Fire
Sei-Woong Choi
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Fire is a major disturbance in ecosystems that generally promotes secondary succession in forests. This study was conducted to track changes in a moth assemblage at a high elevation site before and after fire. A fire destroyed about 2 ha of the conifer and mixed deciduous forest and grassland of Sasa quelpaertensis Nakai, 1933 (Poales: Poaceae) on Mt. Hallasan, Jejudo Island, South Korea. I monitored the moth assemblages of the burned site and three neighboring sites across 5 yr (2011, 2013–2016) using an ultraviolet light trap. There was a decline in species richness and abundance, and increased dissimilarity at the burned site relative to the neighboring sites. However, the moth assemblage at the burned site recovered quickly, within 3 yr of the fire. I also identified three indicator species that characterized the moth assemblage of the burned site: Anaplectoides virens Butler, 1878 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Martania saxea Wileman, 1911 (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), and Catocala dissimilis Bremer, 1861 (Lepidoptera, Erebidae). Host plant information regarding these three species coincided with the early succession of the forest following the fire. In addition, the disappearance of a once dominant species at the burned site, Hydrillodes morosa Butler, 1879 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae), suggested that the fire and succession after the fire changed the interactions between plants and their herbivores. The fire impacted the moth assemblage through changes in species composition; however, the moth assemblage recovered quickly, even in an unfavorable habitats such as a high elevation site.

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Sei-Woong Choi "A High Mountain Moth Assemblage Quickly Recovers After Fire," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 111(6), 304-311, (6 July 2018).
Received: 20 September 2017; Accepted: 2 June 2018; Published: 6 July 2018

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