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5 September 2018 Gender Gap in Professional Entomology: Women Are Underrepresented in Academia and the U.S. Government
Karen A. Walker
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Abstract

The majority of professional STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) scientists are still male, despite increasing levels of female graduates in those areas. Here, I show that, consistent with this pattern, females are significantly underrepresented in entomology positions in academia and the federal government. In both employment sectors, female share of positions also significantly decreases with increasing rank, while the reverse is true for men. At the highest federal government grade level occupied by entomologists, mean salary for females is significantly lower than for males. These results show that female entomologists, despite representing between 40 and 50% of doctoral graduates in the last 10 y, are employed at levels far below their share of graduates and, as such, are underemployed.

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Karen A. Walker "Gender Gap in Professional Entomology: Women Are Underrepresented in Academia and the U.S. Government," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 111(6), 355-362, (5 September 2018). https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/say030
Received: 10 April 2018; Accepted: 19 July 2018; Published: 5 September 2018
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KEYWORDS
engineering and mathematics (STEM)
entomology
gender equity
science
technology
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