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17 November 2021 Spatial and Temporal Variation in Stored-Product Insect Pest Distributions and Implications for Pest Management in Processing and Storage Facilities
Alison R. Gerken, James F. Campbell
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Insect infestations can result in a damaged or destroyed product, costing producers and retailers millions of dollars annually. Postharvest insects move through space searching for mates, food, and shelter. Movement of product, sanitation activities, and insecticide applications also drive their spatial distribution patterns. Determining spatial distributions and population density of insects provides important information to develop targeted and cost-effective management programs. Monitoring data collected using traps to capture insect pests have provided information under a range of conditions: in bins of grain, grain elevator silos and their immediate environment, milling and processing facilities, commercial warehouses, and retail stores. In evaluating available data, we identified key influences that may be leveraged to increase the impacts of future monitoring schemes. Species-specific locations of infestation were common among stored product insect pests and seasonal variation was highly influential in population growth patterns. Competition among different species also drives spatial and temporal distributions and overlap among species is rare. Vertical distribution of insects was common in bins, elevators, and silos. More insects were often found in the receiving and storage areas of mills and processing facilities and insects often migrated into facilities from surrounding natural reservoirs. Previously stored grain and spillage can also harbor insect populations, which also reinforces the need for sanitation in and around stored grain products. Continued monitoring research will provide information to develop predictive tools which will use behavioral patterns to further our understanding of these insect pests within these unique facilities and circumstances.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2021. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Alison R. Gerken and James F. Campbell "Spatial and Temporal Variation in Stored-Product Insect Pest Distributions and Implications for Pest Management in Processing and Storage Facilities," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 115(3), 239-252, (17 November 2021).
Received: 28 July 2021; Accepted: 19 October 2021; Published: 17 November 2021

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flour mill
grain storage
stored-product insects
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