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1 September 2002 Demographic Parameters of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Reared in Apples
N. T. Papadopoulos, B. I. Katsoyannos, J. R. Carey
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In the laboratory we studied the biology of a wild population of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), originating from apples collected near Thessaloniki, northern Greece. Development of immatures in ‘Golden Delicious’ apples lasted almost 1 mo. Approximately 33% of the eggs reached the adult stage. More than 80% of the females were reproductively mature at day 10 of age, and >80% were mated at day 15. Life expectancy at pupal eclosion was about 10 d higher in males than in females (59.9 versus 51.5 d). Average net fecundity was 562.4 eggs, and average daily oviposition rate was ≈11 eggs. The daily population increase was 8%, and the mean generation time was 53 d. Population developing in apples consisted of 96% as immatures (eggs, larvae, pupae), and only 4% as adults. The importance of these findings to the population biology and overwintering behavior of this fly in temperate areas is discussed.

N. T. Papadopoulos, B. I. Katsoyannos, and J. R. Carey "Demographic Parameters of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Reared in Apples," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 95(5), 564-569, (1 September 2002).[0564:DPOTMF]2.0.CO;2
Received: 19 December 2001; Accepted: 1 April 2002; Published: 1 September 2002

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Ceratitis capitata
developmental duration
life tables
Mediterranean fruit fly
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