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1 May 2006 Origin of Chromosomal Rearrangement: Phylogenetic Relationship Between X0/XX and XY/XX Chromosomal Races in the Brachypterous Grasshopper Podisma sapporensis (Orthoptera: Acrididae)
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Abstract

The brachypterous grasshopper Podisma sapporensis Shiraki (Orthoptera: Acrididae) consists of two major chromosomal races with different sex chromosome systems. In the X0/XX race, the diploid number of chromosomes is 2n = 23 (X0) in males and 2n = 24 (XX) in females. In the XY/XX race, the diploid number is 2n = 22 (XY) in males and 2n = 22 (XX) in females, owing to Robertsonian fusion between an autosome and the X chromosome. The X0/XX and XY/XX races are allopatrically distributed, and each race contains geographical populations characterized by different chromosomal inversions. A previous hypothesis suggested that the XY/XX race was derived from the X0/XX race. To test this hypothesis, we examined mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation in two regions (cytochrome oxidase subunit II and 16S ribosomal DNA) among 29 P. sapporensis individuals representing five X0/XX and 12 XY/XX populations. The maximum parsimony tree of mtDNA indicated that neither of the two chromosomal races was monophyletic. Northern populations of XY/XX race did not join a clade consisting of more southern XY/XX populations but were included in a clade consisting of X0/XX populations. On the basis of these results, we propose two hypotheses for the differentiation between the northern and southern XY/XX populations. First, the XY/XX karyotype may have occurred more than once. Second, introgression of mtDNA may have occurred across adjacent populations possessing different karyotypes.

Haruki Tatsuta, Sugihiko Hoshizaki, Alexander G. Bugrov, Elzbieta Warchalowska-Sliwa, Sadahiro Tatsuki, and Shin-ichi Akimoto "Origin of Chromosomal Rearrangement: Phylogenetic Relationship Between X0/XX and XY/XX Chromosomal Races in the Brachypterous Grasshopper Podisma sapporensis (Orthoptera: Acrididae)," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(3), 457-462, (1 May 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2006)99[457:OOCRPR]2.0.CO;2
Received: 4 July 2005; Accepted: 1 December 2005; Published: 1 May 2006
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