Translator Disclaimer
29 December 2017 Wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) domestication: why did it occur so late and at such high latitude? A hypothesis
Annick Schnitzler, Marylène Patou-Mathis
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) domestication has been the subject of many studies the last decades. All agree to consider that the dog (Canis familiaris Linnaeus, 1758) is the product of wolf domestication, and that this process occurred in Eurasia. Many divergences remain however on the geographic origin(s) of the process, whether domestication was a single event or multiple independent events, the earliest occurrences (roughly between 37 000 and 15 000 cal years ago), and the modalities of this process. A rarely debated question is why wolf domestication occurred so late and at such high latitudes, and not in Africa or Middle East, where humans and wolves have coexisted much longer. We hypothesize that domestication was triggered by one of the five extreme cold events (so-called Heinrich events) which occurred in Eurasia in the range of time between 37 000 and 12 000 cal years, which correspond to the range of wolf domestication. Use of a large-sized wolf/dog was probably an unprecedented way for first societies of Eurasia to survive in such extreme conditions.

© Publications scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
Annick Schnitzler and Marylène Patou-Mathis "Wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) domestication: why did it occur so late and at such high latitude? A hypothesis," Anthropozoologica 52(2), 149-153, (29 December 2017). https://doi.org/10.5252/az2017n2a1
Received: 11 May 2016; Accepted: 1 January 2017; Published: 29 December 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
5 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
aggression
agression
domestication
événements de Heinrich
hautes latitudes
Heinrich events
high latitudes
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top