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5 March 2021 Amateur venom-extraction business may hasten extinction of scorpions
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Fig. 1.
a-c. Harvesting of CITES-listed Emperor Scorpions, Pandinus imperator (C. L. Koch, 1841), for the international trade in exotic pets. a, b. Wild caught animals in Cameroon; c. Shipment seized by customs authorities in Poland (2006); d. Hundreds of Mesobuthus eupeus (C. L. Koch, 1839) specimens collected from an illegal scorpion farm in Iran. Photos by Peter Nsonge (a, b), Polish Customs Service (c) and Alireza Shahrdari (d)

Fig. 2.
Scorpion species targeted for venom-extraction in Iran. a. Scorpio townsendi (Pocock, 1900); b. Odontobuthus doriae (Thorell, 1876); c. Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880); d. Mesobuthus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889); e. Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861; f. Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807). Photos by Soheyl Sami (a, b) and Alireza Zamani (c-f)

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