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1 November 2014 Annual to Daily Ice Velocity and Water Pressure Variations on Ka Roimata o Hine Hukatere (Franz Josef Glacier), New Zealand
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Abstract

Ka Roimata o Hine Hukatere (Franz Josef Glacier) is a fast-flowing maritime glacier and its climatological and hydrological drivers are different from those of many previously studied alpine glaciers. The glacier tongue has recently advanced as well as retreated, remains largely snow free, has significant volumes of melt and rainwater inputs throughout the year, and experiences small radiation and air temperature fluctuations over diurnal to seasonal time scales. We discuss measurements of surface velocity made between 2000 and 2012 at annual, seasonal, weekly, and daily time scales together with measurements of glacier geometry change, and calculations of surface water inputs and subglacial water pressure variations derived from a distributed surface mass balance model and a one-dimensional conduit hydrology model, respectively. Annual velocity variations are linked to changes in glacier geometry and advance/retreat cycles with accelerations during thickening and advance and decelerations during thinning and retreat. At seasonal, weekly and daily time scales, velocities are correlated with water input variations and with rates of water pressure fluctuation rather than absolute magnitudes of water pressure.

© 2014 Regents of the University of Colorado
Brian Anderson, Ian Willis, Becky Goodsell, Alison Banwell, Ian Owens, Andrew Mackintosh, and Wendy Lawson "Annual to Daily Ice Velocity and Water Pressure Variations on Ka Roimata o Hine Hukatere (Franz Josef Glacier), New Zealand," Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 46(4), 919-932, (1 November 2014). https://doi.org/10.1657/1938-4246-46.4.919
Accepted: 1 June 2014; Published: 1 November 2014
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