Translator Disclaimer
1 January 1976 Energy Balance and Optimal Foraging Strategies in Shorebirds: Some Implications for Their Distributions and Movements in the Non-Breeding Season
Author Affiliations +

11. REFERENCES

  1. J. Darby 1975. Dispersion patterns of the lugworm Arenicola marina. Unpublished Hons. Thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Edinburgh. Google Scholar
  2. M. Darbyshire & L. Draper . 1963. Forecasting wind-generated sea waves. Engineering 195: 482–484. Google Scholar
  3. P. R. Evans 1975. Notes on the feeding of waders on Heron Island. Sunbird 6: 25–30. Google Scholar
  4. P. R. Evans & P. C. Smith . 1975. Studies of shorebirds at Lindisfarne, Northumberland. II. Fat and pectoral muscle as indicators of body condition in the Bar-tailed Godwit. Wildfowl 26: 64–76. Google Scholar
  5. P. R. Evans , et al. (in press) Short-term effects of reclamation of Seal Sands, Teesmouth, on wintering shorebirds and Shelduck. Google Scholar
  6. J. A. Gessamann 1973. Chap. 9 in Ecological Energetics of Homeotherms Vol. 20 of Monograph series, Utah State University Press, Logan, Utah. Google Scholar
  7. J. D. Goss-Custard 1969. The winter feeding ecology of the Redshank Tringa totanus. Ibis III: 338–356. Google Scholar
  8. J. D. Goss-Custard 1970. Dispersion in some overwintering wading birds. In Social Behaviour in birds and mammals (Ed. J. H. Crook ) Academic Press, London. Google Scholar
  9. E. Gwinner 1972. Adaptive functions of circannual rhythms in warblers. Proc. 15th Int. Ornith. Congress: 218–236. Google Scholar
  10. W. J. III Hamilton , W. M. Gilbert , F. H. Heppner & R. J. Planck . 1967. Starling roost dispersal and a hypothetical mechanism regulating rhythmical animal movement to and from dispersal centres. Ecology 48: 825–833. Google Scholar
  11. J. S. Hart & M. Berger . 1972. Energetics, water economy and temperature regulation during flight. Proc. 15th Int. Ornith. Congress: 189–199. Google Scholar
  12. P. Knight & W. J. A. Dick . 1974. Wader counts in Mauritania. Bull. Int. Waterfowl Res. Bureau 37:37–38. Google Scholar
  13. P. J. Knights 1974. The effect of recent reclamation of the Tees estuary on the numbers and feeding activities of overwintering waders and Shelducks. Unpublished report to Coastal Ecology Research Station, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology. Google Scholar
  14. G. Lange 1968. Über Nahrung, Nahrungsaufnahme und Verdauungstrakt mitteleuropäischer Limikolen. Beiträge zur Vogelkunde 13: 225–334. Google Scholar
  15. C. D. T. Minton 1975. The Waders of The Wash — ringing and biometric studies. Report to Wash Feasibility Study, Water Resources Board. Google Scholar
  16. E. Naylor 1958. Tidal and diurnal rhythms of locomotory activity in Carcinus maenas. J. Exp. Biol. 35: 602–610. Google Scholar
  17. I. C. T. Nisbet 1968. The utilization of mangroves by Malayan birds. Ibis 110: 348–352. Google Scholar
  18. G. Page & D. F. Whitacre . 1975. Raptor predation on wintering shorebirds. Condor 77: 73–83. Google Scholar
  19. R. Perry 1945. A Naturalist on Lindisfarne. Country Life, London. Google Scholar
  20. M. Pienkowski 1973. Feeding activities of wading birds and Shelducks at Teesmouth and some possible effects of further loss of habitat. Unpublished report to Coastal Ecology Research Station, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology. Google Scholar
  21. R. E. M. Pilcher 1964. Effect of the cold weather of 1962–63 on birds of the north coast of the Wash. Wildfowl 15:23–26. Google Scholar
  22. A. J. Prater 1973. BTO/RSPB Birds of Estuaries Enquiry. Report for 1971–72. Tring: British Trust for Ornithology. Google Scholar
  23. A. J. Prater 1974. Ditto, Report for 1972–73. Google Scholar
  24. A. J. Prater 1975. Ditto, Report for 1973–74. Google Scholar
  25. G. S. Preece 1971. The swimming rhythm of Bathyporeia pilosa (Crustacea: Amphipoda).J. mar. Biol. Assn. U. K. 51: 777–791. Google Scholar
  26. T. Royama 1970. Factors governing the hunting behaviour and food selection of the Great Tit Parus major. J. Animal Ecology 39: 619–668. Google Scholar
  27. P. C. Smith 1975. A study of the winter feeding ecology and behaviour of the Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica. Unpublished Ph. D. thesis, University of Durham. Google Scholar
  28. R. Spencer 1964. Report on bird-ringing for 1963. British Birds 57: 525–582. Google Scholar
  29. W. J. M. Vader 1964. A preliminary investigation into the reaction of the infauna of tidal flats to tidal fluctuations in water level. Netherlands J. Sea Research 2: 189–222. Google Scholar
  30. H. Wallgren 1954. Energy metabolism of two species of the genus Emberiza as correlated with distribution and migration. Acta Zoologica Fennica 84: 1–110. Google Scholar
  31. P. Ward & A. Zahavi . 1973. The importance of certain assemblages of birds as “information centres” for foodfinding. Ibis 115: 517–534. Google Scholar
  32. K. Westerterp 1976. How rats economize; Energy loss in starvation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Groningen. Google Scholar
  33. W. J. Wolff 1969. Distribution of non-breeding waders in an estuarine area in relation to the distribution of their food organisms. Ardea 57: 1–28. Google Scholar
  34. L. Zwarts 1974. Vogels van het brakke getijgebied. Amsterdam. Google Scholar
and P. R. Evans "Energy Balance and Optimal Foraging Strategies in Shorebirds: Some Implications for Their Distributions and Movements in the Non-Breeding Season," Ardea 55(1–2), (1 January 1976). https://doi.org/10.5253/arde.v64.p117
JOURNAL ARTICLE
23 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
Back to Top