Translator Disclaimer
1 January 1984 Mortality and Dispersal in Summer and Its Consequences for the Density of Great Tits Parus major at the Onset of Autumn
Author Affiliations +


  1. N. T. J. Bailey 1959. Statistical Methods in Biology. English Universities Press, London. Google Scholar

  2. Balen, J. H. van . 1973. A comparative study of the breeding ecology of the Great Tit, Parus major in different habitats. Ardea 61: 1–93. Google Scholar

  3. Balen, J. H. van 1980. Population fluctuations of the Great Tit and feeding conditions in winter. Ardea 68: 143–164. Google Scholar

  4. Balen, J. H. van , J. A. van Franeker & E. R. Osieck . 1978. The breeding of Great Tits in natural sites. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., 2e Reeks 71: 278–279. Google Scholar

  5. Balen, J. H. van & P. J. Drent . 1980. Territory occupancy, feeding conditions and local survival in the winter. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., 2e Reeks 75: 5–6. Google Scholar

  6. Balen, J. H. van , C. J. H. Booy , J. A. van Franeker & E. R. Osieck . 1982. Studies on hole nesting birds in natural nestsites. 1) Availability and occupation of natural sites. Ardea 70: 1–24. Google Scholar

  7. R. Berndt & M. Hensz . 1967. Die Kohlmeise Parus major als Invasionsvogel. Vogelwarte 24: 17–37. Google Scholar

  8. J. L. Brown 1969. Territorial behaviour and population regulation in birds. A review and re-evaluation. Wilson Bull. 81: 293–329. Google Scholar

  9. D. Chitty 1967. What regulates bird populations? Ecology 48: 698–701. Google Scholar

  10. M. L. Cody 1971. Finchflocks in the Mohave Desert. Theor. Pop. Biol. 2: 142–158. Google Scholar

  11. N. B. Davies 1976. Parental care and the transition to independent feeding in the young Spotted Flycatcher. Behaviour 59: 280–295. Google Scholar

  12. N. B. Davies 1978a. Ecological questions about territorial behaviour. In: J. R. Krebs & N. B. Davies (eds). Behavioural ecology. An evolutionary approach. Blackwell, Oxford. Google Scholar

  13. N. B. Davies 1978b. Parental meanness and offspring independence, an experiment with handreared Great Tits Parus major. Ibis 120: 509–514. Google Scholar

  14. A. A. Dhondt 1970. De regulatie der aantallen in Gentse koolmeespopulaties (Parus major L.). Unpubl. Thesis, Univ. of Gent, Belgium. Google Scholar

  15. A. A. Dhondt 1971. The regulation of numbers in Belgian populations of Great Tits. In: P. J. de Boer & G. R. Gradwell (eds.). Dynamics of populations. Pudoc, Wageningen. Google Scholar

  16. A. A. Dhondt 1979. Summer dispersal and survival of juvenile Great Tits in southern Sweden. Oecologia 42: 139–157. Google Scholar

  17. A. A. Dhondt 1981. Variations in survival and dispersal with ringing date as shown by recoveries of Belgian Great Tits Parus major. Ibis 123: 96–98. Google Scholar

  18. A. A. Dhondt & I. Hublé . 1968. Fledging date and sex in relation to dispersal in young Great Tits. Bird Study 15: 127–134. Google Scholar

  19. A. A. Dhondt & J. Schillemans . 1983. Reproductive success of the Great Tit in relation to its territorial status. Anim. Behav. 31: 902–912. Google Scholar

  20. P. J. Drent 1978. Territory-occupancy and reproduction. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., 2e Reeks 71: 4–8. Google Scholar

  21. P. J. Drent 1979. Territory occupancy in the autumn, seed food supply in the winter, and local survival during the annual cycle. Verb. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., 2e Reeks 72: 310–316. Google Scholar

  22. P. J. Drent 1983. The functional ethology of territoriality in the Great Tit (Parus major L.). Unpubl. Thesis, Univ. of Groningen. Google Scholar

  23. R. Eyckerman 1974. Some observations on the behaviour of intruding Great Tits, Parus major, and on the success of their breeding attempts in a high density breeding season. Le Gerfaut 64: 29–40. Google Scholar

  24. S. D. Fretwell 1972. Populations in a seasonal environment. Princeton University Press, Princeton/New Yersey. Google Scholar

  25. S. D. Fretwell & H. L. Lucas . 1970. On territorial behaviour and other factors influencing habitat distribution in birds. Biotheor. 19: 16–36. Google Scholar

  26. H. C. Garnett 1976. Some aspects of body size in the Great Tit, Unpubl. Thesis Univ. of Oxford. Google Scholar

  27. M. C. Garnett 1981. Body size, its heritability and influence on juvenile survival among Great Tits, Parus major. Ibis 123: 31–41. Google Scholar

  28. J. Gibb 1950. The breeding biology of the Great and Blue Titmice. Ibis 92: 507–539. Google Scholar

  29. P. de. Goede 1982. The survival of juvenile Great Tits in the first two weeks after fledging. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., 2e Reeks 79: 7–9. Google Scholar

  30. I. M. Goodbody 1952. The post-fledging dispersal of juvenile titmice. Brit. Birds 45: 279–285. Google Scholar

  31. Haartman, L. von . 1971. Populations dynamics. In: D. S. Farner & J. R. King (eds.). Avian Biology. Vol. I. Academy Press, New York/London. Google Scholar

  32. Haartman, L. von . 1973. Talgmespopulationen på Lemsjöholm. Lintumies 8: 7–9. Google Scholar

  33. H. Higachi & H. Momose . 1981. Deferred independence and prolonged infantile behaviour in young Varied Tits, P. varius, of an island population. Amin. Behav. 29: 523–528. Google Scholar

  34. R. A. Hinde 1952. The behaviour of the Great Tit (Parus major) and some other related species. Behaviour Suppl. 2: 1–201. Google Scholar

  35. O. Kalela 1954. Über den Revierbesitz bei Vögeln und Säugetieren als Populations-ökologischer Factor. Ann. Zool. Soc. Vanamo 16: 1–48. Google Scholar

  36. H. Klomp 1972. Regulation of the size of bird populations by means of territorial behaviour. Neth. J. Zool. 22: 456–488.  Google Scholar

  37. H. Klomp 1980. Fluctuations and stability in Great Tit populations. Ardea 68: 205–224. Google Scholar

  38. H. N. Kluyver 1951. The population ecology of the Great Tit Parus m. major. Ardea 39: 1–35. Google Scholar

  39. H. N. Kluyver 1966. Regulation of a bird population. Ostrich 38, suppl. 6: 389–396. Google Scholar

  40. H. N. Kluyver 1971. Regulation of numbers in populations of Great Tits (Parus m. major). In: P. J. de Boer & G. R. Gradwell (eds.). Dynamics op populations. Pudoc, Wageningen. Google Scholar

  41. H. N. Kluyver & L. Tinbergen . 1953. Territory and the regulation of density in titmice. Archs. Neerl. Zool. 10: 265–289. Google Scholar

  42. J. R. Krebs 1971. Territory and breeding density in the Great Tit, Parus major L. Ecology 52: 1–22. Google Scholar

  43. J. R. Krebs 1973. Social learning and the significance of mixed-species flocks of chickadees (Parus spp.). Can. J. Zool. 51: 1275–1288. Google Scholar

  44. J. R. Krebs , M. H. MacRoberts & J. M. Cullen . 1972. Flocking and feeding in the Great Tit Parus major an experimental study. Ibis 114: 507–530. Google Scholar

  45. D. Lack 1954. The natural regulation of animal numbers. Oxford. Google Scholar

  46. D. Lack 1958. A quantitative breeding study of British tits. Ardea 46: 91–124. Google Scholar

  47. D. Lack 1964. A long term study of the Great Tit (Parus major). J. Anim. Ecol. 33 (suppl.): 159–173. Google Scholar

  48. D Lack , 1966. Population studies of birds. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Google Scholar

  49. J. A. L. Mertens 1977. Thermal conditions for successful breeding in Great Tits (Parus major L.). I: Relation of growth and development of temperature regulation in nestling Great Tits. Oecologia (Bed.) 28: 1–29. Google Scholar

  50. D. Moss 1972. A statistical analysis of clutch size in the Great Tit (Parus major L.). Unpubl. Thesis. Univ. of Oxford. Google Scholar

  51. R. K. Murton 1971. The significance of a specific search image in the feeding behaviour of the Wood Pigeon. Behaviour 40: 10–41. Google Scholar

  52. Noordwijk, A. J. van . 1980. On the genetical ecology of the Great Tit. Unpubl. Thesis. R.U. Utrecht. Google Scholar

  53. Noordwijk, A. J. van , J. H. van Balen & W. Scharloo : 1980. Heritability of ecologically important traits in the Great Tit. Ardea 68: 193–203. Google Scholar

  54. M. Norton-Griffiths 1969. The organization, control and development of parental feeding in the Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus). Behaviour 34: 55–114. Google Scholar

  55. G. H. Orians & N. E. Pearson . 1979. On the theory of central place foraging. In: D. J. Horn , R. D. Mitchel & G. R. Stairs (eds.). Analysis of Ecological Systems. Ohio University Press, Ohio. Google Scholar

  56. C. M. Perrins 1965. Population fluctuation and clutch-size in the Great Tit, Parus major L. J. Anim. Ecol. 34: 601–647. Google Scholar

  57. C. M. Perrins 1966. The effect of beech crops on Great Tit populations and movements. Brit. Birds 59: 419–432. Google Scholar

  58. C. M. Perrins 1976. Possible effects of quantitative changes in the insect diet of avian predators. Ibis 118: 580–584. Google Scholar

  59. T. Royama 1962. A study of the breeding behaviour and ecology of the Great Tit (Parus major). Unpubl. Thesis. Univ. of Tokyo. Google Scholar

  60. S. M. Smith 1967. Seasonal changes in survival of the Black-capped Chickadee. Condor 69: 344–359. Google Scholar

  61. A. Watson & R. Moss . 1970. Dominance, spacing behaviour and aggression in relation to population limitation in vertebrates. In: A. Watson (ed.). Animal populations in relation to their food resources. Blackwell, Oxford. Google Scholar

  62. M. I. Webber 1975. Some aspects of the non-breeding population dynamics of the Great Tit (Parus major). Unpubl. Thesis, Univ. of Oxford. Google Scholar

  63. V. C. Wynn-Edwards 1962. Animal dispersion in relation to social behaviour. Hafner Publ. Co., New York. Google Scholar

P. J. Drent "Mortality and Dispersal in Summer and Its Consequences for the Density of Great Tits Parus major at the Onset of Autumn," Ardea 55(1–2), (1 January 1984).
Received: 4 January 1984; Published: 1 January 1984

Back to Top