Translator Disclaimer
1 January 1990 Increase of Feeding Time in Waders Preparing for Spring Migration from the Banc D'Arguin, Mauritania
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

In order to increase body mass during the 4–6 weeks before their departure from the Banc d'Arguin in spring, some waders, such as Dunlin, Knot, Bar-tailed Godwit, increased the total time they spent feeding. They fed more at night and fed throughout neap tides and at high temperatures, circumstances in which feeding activity was depressed in winter. In other species, however, such as the Little Stint, feeding time did not increase during the premigration period. In winter, feeding time and body mass in the 14 wader species studied were negatively associated, but this trend disappeared during the premigration period. Nocturnal feeding was particularly important in the smaller waders, but the larger waders also began to feed at night later in the season. It is suggested that only when pressed for time, waders will feed at times when the yield from feeding is low.

REFERENCES

  1. J.M. Baker 1981. Winter feeding rates of Redshank Tringa totanus and Turnstone Arenaria interpres on a rocky shore. Ibis 123: 85–87. Google Scholar

  2. D.M. Bryant & K.R. Westerterp 1980. Energetics of foraging and free existence in birds. In: Proc. XVII Int. Ornithol. Congr. (Berlin): 292–299. Verlag DOG, Berlin. Google Scholar

  3. W.A. Calder III 1974. Consequences of body size for avian energetics. In: R.A. Paynter (ed.) Avian energetics: 86–151. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, Mass. Google Scholar

  4. W.A. Calder III 1984. Size, function and life history. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. Google Scholar

  5. S. Cramp & K.E.L. Simmons (eds.) 1983. The birds of the western Palearctic, Vol. III. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Google Scholar

  6. S. Daan & S. Slopsema 1978. Short-term rhythms in foraging behaviour of the Common Vole, Microtus arvalis. J. comp. Physiol. 127: 215–227. Google Scholar

  7. P. Dann 1987. The feeding behaviour and ecology of shorebirds. In: B.A. Lane (ed.) Shorebirds in Australia: 10–20. Nelson, Melbourne. Google Scholar

  8. R. Drent & T. Piersma 1990. An exploration of the energetics of leap-frog migration in arctic breeding waders. In: E. Gwinner (ed.) Bird migration: the physiology and ecophysiology: 399–412. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Google Scholar

  9. P.J. Dugan 1984. The importance of nocturnal foraging in shorebirds: a consequence of increased invertebrate prey activity. In: N.V. Jones & W.J. Wolff (eds.) Feeding and survival strategies of estuarine organisms: 251–260. Plenum Press, New York. Google Scholar

  10. A.J. van Dijk , F.E. de Roder , E.C.L. Marteijn & H. Spiekman 1990. Summering waders on the Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania: a census in June 1988. Ardea 78: 145–156. Google Scholar

  11. M. Engelmoer , T. Piersma, W. Altenburg & R. Mes 1984. The Banc d'Arguin (Mauritania). In: P.R. Evans , J.D. Goss-Custard & W.G. Hale (eds.) Coastal waders and wildfowl in winter: 293–310. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Google Scholar

  12. B.J. Ens , P. Duiven , C.J. Smit & T.M. van Spanje 1990. Spring migration of Turnstones from the Banc d'Arguin in Mauritania. Ardea 78: 301–314 Google Scholar

  13. B.J. Ens , P. Esselink & L. Zwarts 1990. Kleptoparasitism as a problem of prey choice: a study on mudflat-feeding Curlews, Numenius arquata. Anim. Behav. 39: 219–230. Google Scholar

  14. A. Evans 1987. Relative availability of the prey of wading birds by day and by night. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 37: 103–107. Google Scholar

  15. A.F.C. Gerritsen & A. Meijboom 1986. The role of touch in prey density estimation by Calidris alba. Neth. J. Zool. 36: 530–562. Google Scholar

  16. J. Gibb 1954. Feeding ecology of tits, with notes on Treecreeper and Goldcrest. Ibis 96: 514–543. Google Scholar

  17. J.D. Goss-Custard 1969. The winter feeding ecology of the Redshank Tringa totanus. Ibis 111: 338–356. Google Scholar

  18. J.D. Goss-Custard 1970. Responses of Redshank (Tringa totanus L.) to spatial variations in the density of their prey. J. Anim. Ecol. 39: 91–113. Google Scholar

  19. J.D. Goss-Custard 1977. Predator responses and prey mortality in Redshank, Tringa totanus (L.) and a preferred prey, Corophium volutator (Pallas). J. Anim. Ecol. 46: 21–35. Google Scholar

  20. J.D. Goss-Custard , R.A. Jenyon, R.E. Jones , P.E. Newberry & R. le B. Williams 1977. The ecology of the Wash. II. Seasonal variation in the feeding conditions of wading birds (Charadrii). J. appl. Ecol. 14: 701–719. Google Scholar

  21. J.D. Goss-Custard & S.E.A. Le V. dit Durell 1984. Feeding ecology, winter mortality and the population dynamics of Oystercatchers on the Exe estuary. In: P.R. Evans , J.D. Goss-Custard & W.G. Hale (eds.) Coastal waders and wildfowl in winter: 190–208. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Google Scholar

  22. J.D. Goss-Custard , R.T. Clarke & S.E.A. Le V. dit Durell 1984. Rates of food intake and aggression of Oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus on the most and least preferred mussel Mytilus edulis beds of the Exe estuary. J. Anim. Ecol. 53: 233–245. Google Scholar

  23. J.D. Goss-Custard & S.E.A. Le V. dit Durell 1987a. Agerelated effects in Oystercatchers, Haematopus ostralegus, feeding on mussels, Mytilus edulis. I. Foraging efficiency and interference. J. Anim.Ecol. 56: 521–536. Google Scholar

  24. J.D. Goss-Custard & S.E.A. Le V. dit Durell 1987b. Age-related effects in Oystercatchers, Haematopus ostralegus, feeding on mussels, Mytilus edulis. III. The effect of interference on overall intake rate. J. Anim. Ecol. 56: 549–558. Google Scholar

  25. J.D. Goss-Custard & S.E.A. Le V. dit Durell 1988. The effect of dominance and feeding method on the intake rates of Oystercatchers, Haematopus ostralegus, feeding on mussels. J. Anim. Ecol. 57:827–844. Google Scholar

  26. P.B. Heppleston 1971. The feeding ecology of Oystercatchers (Haematopus ostralegus L.) in winter in northern Scotland. J. Anim. Ecol. 40: 651–672. Google Scholar

  27. J.B. Hulscher 1976. Localisation of Cockles (Cardium edule L.) by the Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus L.) in darkness and daylight. Ardea 64: 292–310. Google Scholar

  28. J.B. Hulscher 1982. The Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus as a predator of the bivalve Macoma balthica in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Ardea 70: 89–152. Google Scholar

  29. M. Kersten 1989. Dunlin. In: B.J. Ens , T. Piersma , W.J. Wolff & L. Zwarts , (eds.) Report of the Dutch-Mauritanian project Banc d'Arguin 1985–1986: 300–314. WIWO-report 25/RIN-report 89/6, Texel. Google Scholar

  30. M. Kersten & T. Piersma 1987. High levels of energy expenditure in shorebirds; metabolic adaptations to an energetically expensive way of life. Ardea 75: 175–187. Google Scholar

  31. M. Klaassen , M. Kersten & B.J. Ens 1990. Energetic requirements for maintenance and premigratory body mass gain of waders wintering in Africa. Ardea 78: 209–220. Google Scholar

  32. G.R. Martin 1985. Eye. In: A.S. King & J. McLelland (eds.) Form and function in birds. Vol. III: 311–373. Academic Press, London. Google Scholar

  33. M.J. Norusis 1988. SPSS/PC+V2.0 Base Manual. SPSS Inc., Chicago. Google Scholar

  34. T.H. Pearson 1968. The feeding biology of sea-bird species breeding on the Fame islands, Northumberland. J. Anim. Ecol. 37: 521–552. Google Scholar

  35. M.W. Pienkowski 1977. Differences in habitat requirements and distribution patterns of plovers and sandpipers as investigated by studies of feeding behaviour. Verb. orn. Ges. Bayern 23: 105–124. Google Scholar

  36. M.W. Pienkowski 1982. Diet and energy intake of Grey and Ringed Plover, Pluvialis squatarola and Charadrius hiaticula, in the non-breeding season. J. Zool., Lond. 197: 511–549. Google Scholar

  37. M.W. Pienkowski 1983. Surface activity of some intertidal invertebrates to temperature and the foraging behaviour of their shorebird predators. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 11: 141–150. Google Scholar

  38. T. Piersma & N.E. van Brederode 1990. The estimation of fat reserves in coastal waders before their departure from northwest Africa in spring. Ardea: 78: 221–236. Google Scholar

  39. T. Piersma & J. Jukema 1990. Budgeting the flight of a long-distance migrant: changes in nutrient reserve levels of Bar-tailed Godwits at successive spring staging sites. Ardea: 78: 315–337. Google Scholar

  40. T. Piersma , M. Klaassen , J.H. Bruggemann , A-M. Blomert , A. Gueye , Y. Ntiamoa-Baidu & N.E. van Brederode 1990. Seasonal timing of the spring departure of waders from the Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania. Ardea: 78: 123–134. Google Scholar

  41. G.M. Puttick 1979. Foraging behaviour and activity budgets of Curlew Sandpipers. Ardea 67: 111–122. Google Scholar

  42. G.M. Puttick 1980. Energy budgets of Curlew Sandpipers at Langebaan Lagoon, South Africa. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 11: 207–215. Google Scholar

  43. G.M. Puttick 1984. Foraging and activity pattern in wintering shorebirds. Behavior Marine Animals 6: 203–231. Google Scholar

  44. M. Robert & R. McNeil 1989. Comparative day and night feeding strategies of shorebird species in a tropical environment. Ibis 113: 69–79. Google Scholar

  45. M. Robert & R. McNeil & A. Leduc 1989. Conditions and significance of night feeding in shorebirds and other water birds in a tropical lagoon. Auk 106: 94–101. Google Scholar

  46. Summers R.W . & M. Waltner 1978. Seasonal variations in the mass of waders in southern Africa, with special reference to migration. Ostrich 50: 21–37. Google Scholar

  47. W.J. Sutherland 1982a. Do Oystercatchers select the most profitable Cockles? Anim. Behav. 30: 857–861. Google Scholar

  48. W.J. Sutherland 1982b. Spatial variation in the predation of Cockles by Oystercatchers at Traeth Melynog, Anglesey. II. The pattern of mortality. J. Anim. Ecol. 51: 491–500. Google Scholar

  49. W.J. Sutherland & D. Moss 1985. The inactivity of animals: influence of stochasticity and prey size. Behaviour 92: 1–8. Google Scholar

  50. C. Swennen 1990. Oystercatchers feeding on Giant Bloody Cockles on the Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania. Ardea 78: 53–62. Google Scholar

  51. C. Swennen , M.F. Leopold & L.L.M. de Bruijn 1989. Time-stressed Oystercatchers, Haematopus ostralegus, can increase their intake rate. Anim. Behav. 38: 8–22. Google Scholar

  52. D.J. Townshend 1981. The importance of field feeding to the survival of wintering male and female Cur-lews Numenius arquata on the Tees estuary. In: N.V. Jones & W.J. Wolff (eds.) Feeding and survival strategies of estuarine organisms: 261–273. Plenum Press, New York. Google Scholar

  53. S. Tyler 1979. Time-sampling: a matter of convention. Anim. Behav. 27: 801–810. Google Scholar

  54. W. J.M. Vader 1964. A preliminary investigation into the reactions of the infauna of the tidal fluctuations in water level. Neth. J. Sea. Res. 2: 189–222. Google Scholar

  55. W.J. Wolff & C.J. Smit 1990. The Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania, as an environment for coastal birds. Ardea 78: 17–38. Google Scholar

  56. A.G. Wood 1983. Grey Plover time budgets. A hard day's night. Wader Study Group Bull. 39: 51. Google Scholar

  57. A.G. Wood 1986. Diurnal and nocturnal territoriality in the Grey Plover at Teesmouth, as revealed by radio telemetry. J. Field Ornith. 57: 213–221. Google Scholar

  58. L. Zwarts 1990. Increased prey availability drives pre-migration hyperphagia in Whimbrels and allows them to leave the Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania, in time. Ardea 78: 279–300. Google Scholar

  59. L. Zwarts & R.H. Drent 1981. Prey depletion and the regulation of predator density: Oystercatchers (Haematopus ostralegus) feeding on Mussels (Mytilus edulis). In: N.V. Jones & W.J. Wolff (eds.) Feeding and survival strategies of estuarine organisms: 193–216. Plenum Press, New York. Google Scholar

  60. L. Zwarts & J. Wanink 1984. How Oystercatchers and Curlews successively deplete clams. In: P.R. Evans , J.D. Goss-Custard & W.G. Hale (eds.) Coastal waders and wildfowl in winter: 69–83. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Google Scholar

  61. L. Zwarts & P. Esselink 1989. Versatility of male Curlews Numenius arquata preying upon Nereis diversicolor, deploying constrasting capture modes dependent on prey availability. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 56: 255–269. Google Scholar

  62. L. Zwarts & A–M. Blomert 1990. Selectivity of Whimbrel feeding on Fiddler Crabs explained by component specific digestibilities. Ardea 78: 193–208. Google Scholar

  63. L. Zwarts , A–M. Blomert , B.J. Ens , R. Hupkes & T.M. van Spanje 1990a. Why do waders reach high feeding densities on the intertidal flats of the Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania? Ardea 78: 39–52. Google Scholar

  64. L. Zwarts & S. Dirksen 1990. Digestive bottleneck limits the increase in food intake of Whimbrels preparing their departure from the Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania, in spring. Ardea 78: 257–278. Google Scholar

  65. L. Zwarts , B.J. Ens , M. Kersten & T. Piersma 1990b. Moult, mass and flight range of waders ready to take off for long-distance migrations. Ardea 78: 339–364. Google Scholar

Leo Zwarts, Anne-Marie Blomert, and Roelof Hupkes "Increase of Feeding Time in Waders Preparing for Spring Migration from the Banc D'Arguin, Mauritania," Ardea 55(1–2), (1 January 1990). https://doi.org/10.5253/arde.v78.p237
Published: 1 January 1990
JOURNAL ARTICLE
20 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
Back to Top