This study investigated synergism between endo-β-1,4-glucanase and β-glucohydrolase enzymes from Gecarcoidea natalis. Together, these enzymes efficiently hydrolyse the cellulose-like polymer, carboxymethyl cellulose, to glucose. Endo-β-1,4-glucanase and β-glucohydrolase, isolated previously from G. natalis, were incubated in vitro using a ratio of the measured activities that matches that found in their digestive juice (5.4 : 1). Their combined activity, measured as the release of glucose from carboxymethyl cellulose, was greater than the sum of their separate activities. Hence they synergistically released glucose from carboxymethyl cellulose (degree of synergy: 1.27). This may be due to the complementary nature of the products of endo-β-1,4-glucanase activity and the preferred substrates of the β-glucohydrolase. β-glucohydrolase may also enhance cellulose hydrolysis by removing cellobiose, a potential competitive inhibitor of endo-β-1,4-glucanase. The synergistic interaction of these two enzymes further supports the previous suggestion that this species possesses a novel two-enzyme cellulase system that differs from the traditional three-enzyme fungal model.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 60 • No. 5